Clinical Skin Examination Outcomes After a Video-Based Behavioral Intervention Analysis From a Randomized Clinical Trial
JAMA dermatology 02/2014; 150(4). DOI: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.9313
IMPORTANCE Older men are at risk of dying of melanoma. OBJECTIVE To assess attendance at and clinical outcomes of clinical skin examinations (CSEs) in older men exposed to a video-based behavioral intervention. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This was a behavioral randomized clinical trial of a video-based intervention in men aged at least 50 years. Between June 1 and August 31, 2008, men were recruited, completed baseline telephone interviews, and were than randomized to receive either a video-based intervention (n = 469) or brochures only (n = 461; overall response rate, 37.1%) and were again interviewed 7 months later (n = 870; 93.5% retention). INTERVENTIONS Video on skin self-examination and skin awareness and written informational materials. The control group received written materials only. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Participants who reported a CSE were asked for the type of CSE (skin spot, partial body, or whole body), who initiated it, whether the physician noted any suspicious lesions, and, if so, how lesions were managed. Physicians completed a case report form that included the type of CSE, who initiated it, the number of suspicious lesions detected, how lesions were managed (excision, nonsurgical treatment, monitoring, or referral), and pathology reports after lesion excision or biopsy. RESULTS Overall, 540 of 870 men (62.1%) self-reported a CSE since receiving intervention materials, and 321 of 540 (59.4%) consented for their physician to provide medical information (received for 266 of 321 [82.9%]). Attendance of any CSE was similar between groups (intervention group, 246 of 436 [56.4%]; control group, 229 of 434 [52.8%]), but men in the intervention group were more likely to self-report a whole-body CSE (154 of 436 [35.3%] vs 118 of 434 [27.2%] for control group; P = .01). Two melanomas, 29 squamous cell carcinomas, and 38 basal cell carcinomas were diagnosed, with a higher proportion of malignant lesions in the intervention group (60.0% vs 40.0% for controls; P = .03). Baseline attitudes, behaviors, and skin cancer history were associated with higher odds of CSE and skin cancer diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE A video-based intervention may increase whole-body CSE and skin cancer diagnosis in older men. TRIAL REGISTRATION anzctr.org.au Identifier: ACTRN12608000384358.
- 02/2014; 150(4). DOI:10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.9311
Article: Screening for melanoma[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Although melanoma is a deadly cancer that is rising in incidence, the USA does not have uniform guidelines for melanoma screening. Screening for melanoma requires no specialized equipment and has little associated morbidity. However, screening has the greatest impact when performed among patients with the highest risk for melanoma incidence and mortality. Screening lower-risk patients may result in prohibitively high costs, unnecessary biopsies of benign lesions, and decreased access to a dermatologic specialist for patients who are actually at a higher risk. We advocate targeting melanoma screening efforts toward those patients at high risk of developing and dying from melanoma, as well as toward those at-risk patients who are least likely to detect their own melanoma.Melanoma Research 07/2014; 24(5). DOI:10.1097/CMR.0000000000000104 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To develop a digital intervention to prompt, support, and respond to the outcomes of total skin self-examinations (TSSEs) at home by people treated for cutaneous melanoma. A complex intervention development study. Northeast Scotland. Semistructured scoping interviews; people previously treated for cutaneous melanoma (n=21). Pilot testing: people treated for melanoma stages 0-2C (n=20); general practitioners (n=6); and a nurse specialist in dermatology (n=1). A tablet-based digital intervention designed to prompt and support TSSEs comprising instructional videos and electronic reporting (including photographs) to a clinical nurse specialist in dermatology, with subsequent clinical triage. Qualitative assessment of intervention feasibility and acceptability, and quantitative assessment of intentions and confidence to perform TSSEs in pilot participants. The majority of pilot participants were strongly positive and adhered well to the intervention (n=15), with 7 of these reporting symptoms of concern at some point during the 6-month pilot. 4 patients complied intermittently, 3 reporting skin problems at least once during the pilot, and 1 withdrew. 2 patients underwent skin surgery as a result of participating in the pilot, with 1 diagnosed as having a recurrent melanoma and the other, a benign lesion. A number of practical issues to improve the usability of the intervention were identified. The proportion of participants reporting intention to check their skin at least monthly increased during the intervention as did confidence to conduct a skin check. People previously treated for cutaneous melanoma are prepared to use digital technology to support them in conducting TSSE. An intervention has been developed which is practical, effective and safe, and after addressing minor practical issues, could now be evaluated for clinical outcomes in a randomised clinical trial. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.BMJ Open 08/2015; 5(8):e007993. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007993 · 2.27 Impact Factor
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