CALR exon 9 mutations are somatically acquired events in familial cases of essential thrombocythemia or primary myelofibrosis
ABSTRACT Somatic mutations in the calreticulin (CALR) gene were recently discovered in patients with sporadic essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) lacking JAK2 and MPL mutations. We studied CALR mutation status in familial cases of myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN). In a cohort of 127 patients, CALR indels were identified in 6 of 55 (11%) subjects with ET and in 6 of 20 (30%) with PMF, while 52 cases of polycythemia vera (PV) had nonmutated CALR. All CALR mutations were somatic, found in granulocytes but not in T lymphocytes. Patients with CALR mutated ET showed a higher platelet count (P=0.017), and a lower cumulative incidence of thrombosis (P=0.036) and of disease progression (P=0.047) compared to those with JAK2(V617F). In conclusion, a significant proportion of familial ET and PMF nonmutated for JAK2 carry a somatic mutation of CALR.
Haematologica 11/2014; 99(11):1650-2. DOI:10.3324/haematol.2014.113944 · 5.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Somatic mutations in the CALR gene were recently discovered in a substantial proportion of Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm (cMPN) patients lacking JAK2 and MPL mutations. Somatically acquired defects are not the only pathogenic mechanism involved in these disorders. Since germline JAK2 46/1 haplotype predisposes to cMPN-associated mutations, including JAK2V617F and MPLW515K7L, we evaluated whether the 46/1 haplotype also confers susceptibility to CALR-mutated cMPN, both in sporadic and familial cases. The single-nucleotide polymorphism rs10974944, which tags 46/1, was investigated in 155 sporadic MPN patients and 270 unrelated controls, as well as in 11 familial cMPN cases and 36 unaffected relative controls. As described elsewhere, the 46/1 haplotype was overrepresented, both in sporadic and familial cMPN. In sporadic cMPN, the JAK2 46/1 haplotype was closely associated with JAK2V617F (p = 0.0003) but not with JAK2-nonmutated cases. Analysis of CALR-mutated sporadic cMPN (n = 22) showed no association between CALR mutations and 46/1 haplotype (p = 0.87). Regarding the familial cMPN, the prevalence of carriers of the G allele was higher in familial (81.8 %) than in sporadic (62 %) cMPN, but it did not differ significantly (p = 0.3). Although we described a family with carriers of both JAK2V617F and CALR mutations, due to the low number of CALR-mutated familial cases, we could not determinate whether the JAK2 46/1 haplotype predisposes or does not to CALR-mutated familial cMPN. We conclude, for the first time, that the 46/1 haplotype, unlike JAK2V617F and MPLW515K7L, is not associated with CALR-mutated cMPN.Annals of Hematology 12/2014; 94(5). DOI:10.1007/s00277-014-2266-y · 2.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the incidence, clinical characteristics, and prognostic impact of calreticulin (CALR) mutations in essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients. In all, 48 ET and 14 PMF patients were enrolled, and the presence of CALR mutations was analyzed by direct sequencing. Patients were classified into three subgroups according to Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F and CALR mutation status, and their clinical features and prognosis were compared. CALR mutations were detected in 15 (24.2%) patients, and the incidence increased to 50.0% in 30 JAK2 V617F mutation-negative cases. These included 11 patients with three known mutations (c.1092_1143del [seven cases], c.1154_1155insTTGTC [three cases], and c.1102_1135del [one case]) and 4 patients with novel mutations. ET patients carrying CALR mutation were younger, had lower white blood cell counts, and experienced less thrombosis during follow-up than those carrying JAK2 V617F mutation, while both patient groups showed similar clinical features and prognosis. In ET patients without JAK2 V617F mutation, CALR mutation did not significantly affect clinical manifestation and prognosis. In conclusion, CALR mutation analysis could be a useful diagnostic tool for ET and PMF in 50% of the cases without JAK2 V617F mutations. The prognostic impact of CALR mutations needs further investigation.Annals of Laboratory Medicine 03/2015; 35(2):233-7. DOI:10.3343/alm.2015.35.2.233 · 1.48 Impact Factor