Fibrin sealant before wound closure in total knee arthroplasty reduced blood loss: a meta-analysis

Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy (Impact Factor: 3.05). 02/2014; 23(7). DOI: 10.1007/s00167-014-2898-4
Source: PubMed


Fibrin sealant (FS) comprises a mixture of fibrinogen and thrombin that controls bleeding, reduces blood transfusions, improves tissue healing and shortens postoperative recovery time after various surgical procedures. However, no single study has been large enough to definitively determine whether fibrin sealant is safe and effective. We report a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant in total knee arthroplasty.
Articles published before August, 2012 were identified from PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library and other internet databases. Relevant journals and the recommendations of expert panels were also searched manually. We included only high-quality RCTs. Two independent reviewers searched and assessed the literature. Relevant data were analysed using RevMan 5.0.
Seven RCTs met the inclusion criteria. Use of fibrin sealant significantly reduced haemoglobin decline mean difference (MD = -0.72), 95 % confidence interval [95 % CI (-0.83, -0.62), p < 0.00001], postoperative drainage volume [MD = -354.53, 95 % CI (-482.43, -226.63), p < 0.00001], the proportion of patients requiring blood transfusion risk differences [RD = -0.27, 95 % CI (-0.45, -0.08), p = 0.006] and the incidence of wound haematoma [RD = -0.11, 95 % CI (-0.22, -0.00), p = 0.04]. There were no significant differences in deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, infection rate or other complications between groups.
Use of fibrin sealant in total knee arthroplasty was effective and safe, reduced haemoglobin decline, postoperative drainage volume, incidence of haematoma and need for blood transfusion, and did not increase the risk of complications. Due to the limited quality of the evidence currently available, more high-quality RCTs are required. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.

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    ABSTRACT: Topical application of tranexamic acid to the knee joint before closure in total knee arthroplasty reduces postoperative bleeding without increase in complication. However, it is unknown the effectiveness of topic TXA performed with other topical medications, like povidone-iodine solution. One hundred and twenty-five patients were randomized to receive 100mL of povidone-iodine solution (control: group A) or 1.5 (group B) and 3.0g (group C) of topical TXA in povidone-iodine solution applied into the knee before closure in total knee arthroplasty. The patients in the TXA groups had higher mean postoperative hemoglobin levels (P=0.01 and P=0.03 in groups B and C, respectively) and a reduced postoperative blood loss in the TXA groups (P=0.07 and P=0.09 in groups B and C, respectively). No significant complications were observed. In this study, topical application of tranexamic acid after total knee arthroplasty together with povidone-iodine solution results in higher postoperative hemoglobin levels and lower blood loss compared with those in the control group without other complications. I - I: high-powered prospective randomized trial. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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