Progress of Health Plans Toward Meeting the Million Hearts Clinical Target for High Blood Pressure Control — United States, 2010–2012


High blood pressure is a major cardiovascular disease risk factor and contributed to >362,895 deaths in the United States during 2010. Approximately 67 million persons in the United States have high blood pressure, and only half of those have their condition under control. An estimated 46,000 deaths could be avoided annually if 70% of patients with high blood pressure were treated according to published guidelines. To assess blood pressure control among persons with health insurance, CDC and the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) examined data in the 2010-2012 Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS). In 2012, approximately 113 million adults aged 18-85 years were covered by health plans measured by HEDIS. The HEDIS controlling blood pressure (CBP) performance measure is the proportion of enrollees with a diagnosis of high blood pressure confirmed in their medical record whose blood pressure is controlled. Overall, only 64% of enrollees with diagnosed high blood pressure in HEDIS-reporting plans had documentation that their blood pressure was controlled. Although these findings signal that additional work is needed to meet the 70% target, modest improvements since 2010, coupled with focused efforts, might make it achievable.

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    ABSTRACT: By June 2013, three fourths of office-based practicing physicians in the United States had adopted some form of electronic health record (EHR) system. With greater EHR use, more health data are linked with available patient demographic information in a format that is easily retrievable and collected at the point of care. This highlights the potential of electronic clinical quality measure (CQM) reporting data for use in monitoring population health for those receiving health care services. To assess this possibility, electronic CQM data that were submitted to the Medicare EHR Incentive Program were analyzed to assess provider progress toward achieving blood pressure control among their patients with hypertension. Approximately 63,000 health care providers reported at least 1 time over 3 years, representing approximately 17 million patients with hypertension. On average, 62% of patients with hypertension had controlled blood pressure. Use of EHR data for public health surveillance could streamline reporting, facilitating more timely and possibly more complete data collection in key areas of public health concern.
    MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report 05/2015; 64(16):439-42.