Article

Cognitive decline and depressive symptoms in late-life are associated with statin use: evidence from a population-based study of Sardinian old people living in their own home.

Neurological Research (Impact Factor: 1.45). 03/2014; 36(3):247-54. DOI: 10.1179/1743132813Y.0000000287
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Objectives: This study was designed to provide further insights into the effects of dyslipidemia (Dys-y) and use of statins (St-y) on cognitive functions and mood in older people. Methods: Three hundred and twenty-nine subjects aged ⩾ 65 years were screened for cognitive dysfunction using mini mental state examination (MMSE). The geriatric depression scale (GDS) was used to detect depression. Interview questionnaires surveyed activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL), as well as other functional disabilities. The presence of neutral lipids (NLs) in cytoplasm of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was determined with the Oil red O (ORO) staining. Results: There was no significant difference in MMSE and GDS scores between normal (Dys-n) and Dys-y. However, when Dys-y subjects were divided into St-y and non-statin users (St-n), significant differences emerged in the scores of MMSE and GDS: St-y had lower MMSE and higher GDS than St-n. Multiple correspondence analysis and logistic regression provided further evidence that elderly St-y were much more likely to suffer of cognitive impairment and depression than St-n. Another interesting finding was that the intensity of NL-PBMCs measured by ORO staining was greater in subjects with altered MMSE compared with cognitively normal subjects. In addition St-y had higher ORO score than St-n. Discussion: This is an observational study and cannot, therefore, prove a causal relationship between St-y in the elderly and a higher cognitive decline, nevertheless it provides substantial indications that caution should be exercised in the provision of statins in elderly subjects to avoid accelerated memory loss.

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Oct 9, 2014