Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Association between Complement Factor H I62V Polymorphism and Risk of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy in Asian Populations.

PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.53). 02/2014; 9(2):e88324. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088324
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate whether the polymorphism rs800292 (184G>A, I62V) in the complement factor H gene is associated with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and the genetic difference between PCV and neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), in Asian populations.
A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and reference lists. A system review and meta-analysis of the association between I62V and PCV and/or nAMD were performed from 8 studies involving 5,062 subjects. The following data from individual studies were extracted and analyzed: 1) comparison of I62V polymorphisms between PCV and controls; 2) comparison of I62V polymorphisms between PCV and nAMD. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using fixed-effects models. The Q-statistic test was used to assess heterogeneity, and Egger's test was used to evaluate publication bias. Sensitivity analysis and cumulative meta-analysis were also performed.
The I62V polymorphism showed a significant summary OR1 for genotype GA+GG versus homozygous genotype AA was 3.18 (95% CI, 2.51-4.04, P<0.00001), the OR2 of heterozygous genotype GA versus AA was 2.29 (95% CI: 1.79-2.94, P<0.00001), the OR3 of homozygous genotype GG versus AA was 4.42 (95% CI: 3.45-5.67, P<0.00001), and the OR4 of allele G versus A was 2.04 (95% CI: 1.85-2.26, P<0.00001). Sensitivity analysis indicated the robustness of our findings, and evidence of publication bias was not observed in our meta-analysis. Cumulative meta-analysis revealed that the summary ORs were stable. There was no significant difference in every genetic model between PCV and nAMD (n = 5, OR1 = 0.92, OR2 = 0.96, OR3 = 0.90, OR4 = 0.94).
Our analysis provides evidence that the I62V polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of PCV. The variant of I62V could be a promising genetic biomarker of PCV in Asian populations.

  • Source
    BMJ (online) 10/2003; 327(7414):557-60. DOI:10.1136/bmj.327.7414.557 · 16.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is thought to be a polygenetic disease. It is divided into three subtypes; neovascular AMD (nAMD), polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, and retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP). These subtypes are thought to have different pathophysiological and genetic backgrounds. We aimed to investigate the relationships between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes and subtypes of AMD in the Japanese population. We genotyped 685 AMD patients and 277 controls for four SNPs of the selected candidate genes: rs800292 in complement factor H, rs10490924 in age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2), rs2301995 in elastin (ELN), and rs1801133 in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR). Case-control studies were performed using these AMD subtypes. Logistic regression analysis was performed using a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and smoking as cardiovascular risks. The genotype-dominant or recessive distribution of all four SNPs differed significantly between the controls and the AMD patients. In the subtype analysis, there were significant differences between the controls and the AMD patients in genotype distributions. This was true for all AMD subtype analyses of both rs800292 (complement factor H) and rs10490924 (ARMS2). Logistic regression analysis indicated the TT genotype of the ARMS2 gene to be significantly more common in RAP patients (p=1.54×10(-13), odds ratio: 22.18). In contrast, there were significant differences in the genotype distribution between the controls and nAMD patients only for rs2301995 (ELN, p=0.022) and rs1801133 (MTHFR, p=2.50×10(-3)). Our results indicate that SNPs of the ARMS2 gene may serve as strong genetic markers of RAP, and that SNPs of the ELN and MTHFR genes are potential genetic markers for nAMD.
    Molecular vision 10/2011; 17:2751-8. · 2.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To survey the prevalence of reticular pseudodrusen in late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using multiple imaging methods, and to investigate the association between reticular pseudodrusen and polymorphisms in complement factor H (CFH) and age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) genes. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: This study included 216 consecutive patients with late AMD (typical AMD, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy [PCV], retinal angiomatous proliferation [RAP], or geographic atrophy). Eyes were assessed for reticular pseudodrusen using the blue channel of color fundus photography, infrared reflectance, fundus autofluorescence, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. The major AMD-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (CFH Y402 rs1061170, CFH I62V rs800292, and ARMS2 A69S rs10490924) were genotyped. RESULTS: Forty-nine eyes of 30 patients had a reticular pattern in ≥2 imaging modalities and were diagnosed with reticular pseudodrusen. Of these, 16 had bilateral late AMD, whereas 32 of 186 patients without reticular pseudodrusen had bilateral late AMD (P < .001). The prevalence of reticular pseudodrusen was 83% in RAP, 50% in geographic atrophy, 9% in typical AMD, and 2% in PCV. The frequency of the T allele in ARMS2 A69S in patients with and without reticular pseudodrusen was 78.6% and 59.9%, respectively (P=.007). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of reticular pseudodrusen was low in PCV cases. About 50% of patients with reticular pseudodrusen had bilateral late AMD. The connection of ARMS2 risk allele and reticular pseudodrusen was confirmed in a Japanese population.
    American Journal of Ophthalmology 10/2012; 155(2). DOI:10.1016/j.ajo.2012.08.011 · 4.02 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 6, 2014