Self-gated radial MRI for respiratory motion compensation on hybrid PET/MR systems.
ABSTRACT Accurate localization and uptake quantification of lesions in the chest and abdomen using PET imaging is challenging due to the respiratory motion during the exam. The advent of hybrid PET/MR systems offers new ways to compensate for respiratory motion without exposing the patient to additional radiation. The use of self-gated reconstructions of a 3D radial stack-of-stars GRE acquisition is proposed to derive a high-resolution MRI motion model. The self-gating signal is used to perform respiratory binning of the simultaneously acquired PET raw data. Matching mu-maps are generated for every bin, and post-reconstruction registration is performed in order to obtain a motion-compensated PET volume from the individual gates. The proposed method is demonstrated in-vivo for three clinical patients. Motion-corrected reconstructions are compared against ungated and gated PET reconstructions. In all cases, motion-induced blurring of lesions in the liver and lung was substantially reduced, without compromising SNR as it is the case for gated reconstructions.
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ABSTRACT: Accurate localization and uptake quantification of lesions in the chest and abdomen using PET imaging is challenged by respiratory motion occurring during the exam. This work describes how a stack-of-stars MRI acquisition on integrated PET/MRI systems can be used to derive a high-resolution motion model, how many respiratory phases need to be differentiated, how much MRI scan time is required, and how the model is employed for motion-corrected PET reconstruction. MRI self-gating is applied to perform respiratory gating of the MRI data and simultaneously acquired PET raw data. After gated PET reconstruction, the MRI motion model is used to fuse the individual gates into a single, motion-compensated volume with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The proposed method is evaluated in vivo for 15 clinical patients. The gating requires 5-7 bins to capture the motion to an average accuracy of 2mm. With 5 bins, the motion-modeling scan can be shortened to 3-4min. The motion-compensated reconstructions show significantly higher accuracy in lesion quantification in terms of standardized uptake value (SUV) and different measures of lesion contrast compared to ungated PET reconstruction. Furthermore, unlike gated reconstructions, the motion-compensated reconstruction does not lead to SNR loss. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.Medical Image Analysis 09/2014; 19(1). DOI:10.1016/j.media.2014.08.003 · 3.68 Impact Factor
12/2013; 1. DOI:10.1016/j.ejro.2014.09.001