Technique and Outcomes of Laparoscopic-combined Linear Stapler and Hand-sutured Side-to-Side Esophagojejunostomy With Roux-en-Y Reconstruction as a Treatment Modality in Patients Undergoing Proximal Gastrectomy for Benign and Malignant Disease of the Gastroesophageal Junction.

Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques (Impact Factor: 1.14). 02/2014; 24(1):89-93. DOI: 10.1097/SLE.0b013e31828f673d
Source: PubMed


Circular stapler and hand-sutured esophagojejunostomy has been the most popular technique utilized in patients undergoing proximal gastrectomy through Roux-en-Y reconstruction for disease processes of the gastroesophageal junction. In recent years, with the advent of laparoscopic bariatric surgical techniques and refined linear stapler cutters, surgeons have developed the linear stapler side-to-side technique as a valid option. The aim of this study is to describe our technique and review the outcomes using the Roux-en-Y reconstruction with linear staplers after laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy for malignant and benign disease.
After Internal Review Board approval and with adherence to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act guidelines, a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted. A total of 14 patients underwent proximal laparoscopic gastric resection at our institution during a 3-year period from January 2008 to January 2011. Sex, body mass index, prior surgeries, complications of the prior surgery, intraoperative complications, pathologic findings, postoperative complications, hospital stay, and outpatient follow-up were measured in the preoperative and postoperative period.
Our patient population consisted of 9 women and 5 men, with a mean age and body mass index of 45.42 years and 35.64 kg/m, respectively. Indications for proximal gastrectomy was in 4 patients a leak at the angle of His secondary to sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity, 1 patient was a stricture after a vertical banded gastroplasty, 1 patient a revision of a eroded gastric band, 1 patient a revision of a eroded mesh secondary to a hiatal hernia repair, 1 patient a conversion of a failed Nissen, 3 patients had a total gastrectomy due to a stage 2 gastric cancer, and 1 patient a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. There were no intraoperative complications. All the procedures were completed laparoscopically. The mean operative time was 137.16 minutes. The mean hospital stay was 7.6 days. One patient had a postoperative stricture at the esophagojejunal anastomosis that required multiple dilatations. All patients with gastric cancer are free of tumor recurrence.
The use of a laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction through combined side-to-side linear stapler and hand-sewn esophagojejunal anastomosis seems to be a feasible and safe approach.

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Available from: Samuel Szomstein, Jan 22, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) is theoretically a superior choice of minimally-invasive surgery and function-preserving surgery for the treatment of proximal early gastric cancer (EGC) over procedures such as laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG), open total gastrectomy (OTG) and open proximal gastrectomy (OPG). However, LPG and OPG are not popular surgical options due to three main concerns: the first, oncological safety; the second, functional benefits; and the third, anastomosis-related late complications (reflux symptoms and anastomotic stricture). Numerous recent studies have concluded that OPG and LPG present similar oncological safety profiles and improved functional benefits when compared with OTG and LTG. While OPG with modified esophagogastrostomy does not provide satisfactory results, OPG with modified esophagojejunostomy showed similar rates of anastomosis-related late complications when compared to OTG. At this stage, no standard reconstruction method post-LPG exists in the clinical setting. We recently showed that LPG with double tract reconstruction (DTR) is a superior choice over LTG for proximal EGC in terms of maintaining body weight and preventing anemia. However, as there is no definitive evidence in favor of LPG with DTR, a randomized clinical trial comparing LPG with DTR to LTG was recommended. This trial, the Korean Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study-05 (NCT01433861), is expected to assist surgeons in choice of surgical approach and strategy for patients with proximal EGC.
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