Arthroscopic Labral Base Repair in the Hip: Clinical Results of a Described Technique

Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.21). 02/2014; 30(2):208-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.arthro.2013.11.021
Source: PubMed


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of a cohort of patients who underwent labral repair by use of a previously published labral base repair suture technique for the treatment of acetabular labral tears and pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI).
Patients who received hip arthroscopy for symptomatic intra-articular hip disorders and underwent the previously described labral base repair technique were included in the study group. Patients who had Tönnis arthritis grade 2 or greater, had Legg-Calves-Perthes disease, or underwent simple looped stitch repair were excluded. The patient-reported outcome scores included the modified Harris Hip Score, the Non-Arthritic Hip Score, the Hip Outcome Score-Activities of Daily Living, and the Hip Outcome Score-Sport-Specific Subscale obtained preoperatively and at 2 years' and 3 years' follow-up. Any complications, revision surgeries, and conversions to total hip arthroplasty were noted.
Of the patients, 54 (82%) were available for follow-up. The mean length of follow-up for this cohort was 2.4 years (range, 1.7 to 4.1 years). At final follow-up, there was significant improvement in all 4 patient-reported outcome scores (modified Harris Hip Score, 63.7 to 89.9; Non-Arthritic Hip Score, 60.9 to 87.9; Hip Outcome Score-Activities of Daily Living, 66.9 to 91.0; and Hip Outcome Score-Sport-Specific Subscale, 46.5 to 79.2) (P < .0001). A good or excellent result was achieved in 46 patients (85.2%). There was significant improvement in pain as measured by the change in visual analog scale score from 6.5 to 2.3 (P < .0001), and the patient satisfaction rating was 8.56 ± 2.01. There were no perioperative complications. Revision surgery was required in 3 patients (5.6%), and 2 patients (3.7%) required conversion to total hip arthroplasty.
The clinical results of this labral base repair technique showed favorable clinical improvements based on 4 patient-reported outcome questionnaires, visual analog scale, and patient satisfaction. More clinical, biomechanical, and histologic studies are needed to determine the optimal repair technique.
Level IV, therapeutic case series.

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    ABSTRACT: The use of hip arthroscopy is gaining popularity for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. With our increasing understanding of hip biomechanics and pathophysiology, our techniques for treatment are evolving as well. The main aim is to preserve the joint and prolong the degenerative process associated with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). In general, combined pathology is encountered when a diagnosis of FAI is established. In our experience, we have seen large number of patients with a combination of cam and pincer lesions with or without associated labral tears. It is optimal to address all symptomatic pathology with one surgical intervention. The described technique shows the feasibility of dealing with the hip FAI pathology by using traction sutures on the capsule through a 2-portal technique.
    Arthroscopy Techniques 08/2014; 3(4). DOI:10.1016/j.eats.2014.06.010
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    Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 11/2014; 473(4). DOI:10.1007/s11999-014-4025-8 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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