Evaluation of right adrenal vein cannulation by computed tomography angiography in 140 consecutive patients undergoing adrenal venous sampling

European Journal of Endocrinology (Impact Factor: 4.07). 01/2014; 170(4). DOI: 10.1530/EJE-13-0741
Source: PubMed


As it is now known that primary aldosteronism (PA) is more prevalent than was previously recognized, and is a potentially curable cause of hypertension and related cardiovascular diseases, the search for a safe and effective means of its diagnosis has reemerged as a topic of interest. Adrenal vein sampling is the gold standard for diagnosis of PA, but the technique is challenging and the small right adrenal vein can be particularly difficult to cannulate. Our objective was to evaluate the usefulness of computed tomography during angiography (angio-CT) in increasing the success of adrenal vein sampling, and to identify factors associated with cannulation failure DESIGN: Retrospective review.
A total of 140 consecutive patients with suspected primary aldosteronism except Cushing's syndrome treated at a single hospital from June 2008 to May 2013 were included. Catheter misplacement and correct cannulation rates before angio-CT and success rate of sampling after angio-CT were calculated. Univariate analysis for factors related to incorrect cannulation included gender, age, height, weight, body mass index and adrenal nodules. Successful sampling was biochemically defined according to cortisol concentrations in the venous blood samples.
Angio-CT detected misplaced catheters in 13 patients (9.3%). The calculated correct cannulation rate of adrenal vein sampling increased from 86.4% before angio-CT to 95.7% after CT (P < 0.001, McNemar's test). Univariate analysis showed a tendency for a higher rate of failure of right adrenal venous sampling in taller patients (P = 0.052, Mann-Whitney's U test).
Angio-CT improved success of adrenal vein sampling.

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