Article

Consistency of Bordetella pertussis vaccine seed strains and potency of whole-cell pertussis vaccine still in use in Poland.

Biologicals (Impact Factor: 1.62). 01/2014; DOI: 10.1016/j.biologicals.2013.11.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In Poland, where the wP vaccine has been used since 1960, pertussis rates increased in the mid-1990s. In 2012, the rate of pertussis recognised by surveillance was unexpectedly found to be two-fold higher than in the previous decade. Quality measures on potency and vaccine working seeds were introduced, to confirm the possible impact of manufacturing inconsistency or potency lowering on the observed increase in pertussis. Shewhart charts on potency values for lots released between 2001 and 2013 did not reveal any significant fluctuations. Working seeds of three vaccine strains used within last decade for wP manufacturing belong to the PFGE group III and were highly related. According to PFGE and SDS-PAGE data, all vaccine strains were found consistent according profiling on the genomic and protein levels. According to the sequencing data, they harboured ptxA2, ptxC1, prn1, fim2-1, fim3-1, tcfA2, ptxP1 and were assigned as MLST-2 type. Other factors apart from vaccine manufacturing inconsistency might be responsible for the increase in pertussis noted in 2012 in Poland.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
80 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: A mouse intracerebral challenge model is used for potency testing of whole-cell pertussis (wP) vaccines. We investigated the use of a mouse nasopharyngeal challenge model, which better reflects the clinical features of pertussis disease, to differentiate between efficacy of wP vaccines. Methods: Efficacy of three wP vaccines (Quinvaxem(®), Easyfive(®) and Pentavac(®)) was tested in the nasopharyngeal challenge model. Mice were vaccinated at 4 and 7 weeks and challenged with Bordetella pertussis at 9 weeks. Vaccine efficacy was determined based on CFU in the lungs 5 days after challenge. Results: The mouse nasopharyngeal challenge model has the capacity to differentiate between the efficacy of whole cell pertussis vaccines. Conclusion: The mouse nasopharyngeal challenge model could be considered as a potency and release assay for wP vaccines. Whether this model directly correlates with clinical vaccine efficacy requires further investigations. Whether this model directly correlates with clinical vaccine efficacy requires further investigations. The mouse nasopharyngeal challenge model could be considered as a potency and release assay for wP vaccines.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 07/2014; · 4.22 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
18 Downloads
Available from
Jun 5, 2014