Endovascular treatment of lower extremity ischemia in chronic renal failure patients on dialysis: Early and intermediate term results

The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ (Impact Factor: 0.9). 12/2013; 15(12):734-8.
Source: PubMed


Peripheral arterial occlusive disease is common in patients with chronic renal failure requiring dialysis. Despite the increasing use of endovascular revascularization for lower extremity ischemia, the success rates of treating lower extremity ischemia in this challenging population remain obscure.
To assess the results of endovascular revascularization for lower extremity ischemia in dialysis patients.
We conducted a retrospective review of all dialysis patients who underwent endovascular treatment for critical limb ischemia (CLI) in our institution between 2007 and 2011. Data collected included comorbidities, clinical presentation, anatomic distribution of vascular lesions, amputation and survival rates.
We identified 50 limbs (41 patients). Indications included gangrene in 22%, non-healing wounds in 45%, rest pain in 31%, and debilitating claudication in 4%. Mean follow-up was 12 months (1-51 months). Nineteen patients required amputations. Freedom from amputation at 5 years was 40%. Factors associated with amputation included non-healing wounds or gangrene (68% and 36% respectively) and diabetes (P < 0.05). The survival rate was 80% after 5 years.
Despite improvement in endovascular techniques for lower extremity revascularization, the incidence of limb salvage among dialysis patients remains poor, resulting in a high rate of major amputations.

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    ABSTRACT: Hemodialysis (HD) patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) suffer chronic inflammation and repeated infection, require intervention, and may have a protracted hospital stay. Therefore, early prediction is particularly important for management of CLI in patients with suspected peripheral artery disease. The purpose of this study is to develop a simple score for predicting the incidence of CLI in HD patients with suspected peripheral artery disease. The subjects were 139 asymptomatic patients receiving maintenance HD and with ABI <1.0. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with development of CLI. These factors were subsequently weighted and integrated into a scoring system for the prediction of onset of CLI. Twenty-five patients had onset of CLI. Five factors selected from the multivariate model were weighted proportionally using their respective odds ratio (OR) for incidence of CLI (history of cerebral vascular disease, OR 6.42 [3 points]; diabetes, OR 3.92 [2 points]; hypoesthesia, OR 4.21 [2 points]; left ventricular ejection fraction <50%, OR 3.89 [2 points]; serum albumin <3.5 g/dL, OR 4.39 [2 points]). Three strata of risk were defined (low risk, 0 to 3 points; intermediate risk, 4 to 6 points; and high risk 7 to 11 points) with excellent prognostic accuracy for progression to CLI using the Kaplan-Meier method. Five factors were identified that increased the risk of progression to CLI in HD patients with suspected peripheral artery disease. A combination of those factors permitted establishment of three risk strata for accurate prediction of onset of CLI. © 2015 The Authors. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis © 2015 International Society for Apheresis.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 03/2015; 19(4). DOI:10.1111/1744-9987.12287 · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the objective performance goals (OPGs) and patient-centered outcomes of isolated tibial interventions in patients with tissue loss who were on hemodialysis (HD) to patients with tissue loss who were not on HD. Interrogation of a prospectively maintained database identified 242 critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients who underwent isolated tibial interventions for tissue loss in a single limb between 2007 and 2012. The 78 patients (mean age 66±12 years; 44 men) on HD were compared with 164 patients (mean age 50±13 years; 82 men) who were not on HD. There was an equal distribution of the tibial vessels treated; 152 (63%) patients had more than one treated tibial vessel. Patient-centered outcomes of clinical efficacy (absence of recurrent symptoms, maintenance of ambulation, and no major amputation), amputation-free survival (AFS), and freedom from major adverse limb events (MALE) were evaluated. The Society for Vascular Surgery OPGs were defined at 30 days and 1 year. The 30-day major adverse cardiac events was significantly higher (p=0.004) in the HD group (5, 5%) compared with the no-HD group (0%), but both remained under the stated OPG of ≤10%. The 30-day MALE rates were significantly higher than the stated ≤9% OPG at 13% and 18% for the no-HD and HD groups, respectively. At 1 year, the rates for AFS, freedom from MALE, limb salvage, and survival did not achieve the stated Society for Vascular Surgery OPGs in the HD group. Clinical efficacy was 61% and 25% at 3 years for the no-HD and HD groups, respectively (p<0.01). Overall, AFS was 54% and 22% and freedom from MALE was 56% and 27% at 3 years for the no-HD and HD groups, respectively (both p<0.01). Tibial intervention for tissue loss in patients on HD is a valid treatment option but is associated with a high MALE rate. Three-year outcomes remain relatively poor, with <25% success in terms of clinical efficacy and AFS. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 08/2015; 22(5). DOI:10.1177/1526602815602074 · 3.35 Impact Factor

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