Article

# Completely Reducible SL(2)-Homomorphisms

Transactions of the American Mathematical Society (Impact Factor: 1.02). 01/2007; 359(9):4489-4510. DOI: 10.2307/20161784

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**ABSTRACT:**Let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In a recent paper, Bate, Martin, R\"ohrle and Tange show that every (smooth) subgroup of G is separable provided that the characteristic of k is very good for G. Here separability of a subgroup means that its scheme-theoretic centralizer in G is smooth. Serre suggested extending this result to arbitrary, possibly non-smooth, subgroup schemes of G. The aim of this note is to prove this more general result. Moreover, we provide a condition on the characteristic of k that is necessary and sufficient for the smoothness of all centralizers in G. We finally relate this condition to other standard hypotheses on connected reductive groups.Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 09/2010; · 1.02 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Let G be a semisimple algebraic group over a field K whose characteristic is very good for G, and let sigma be any G-equivariant isomorphism from the nilpotent variety to the unipotent variety; the map sigma is known as a Springer isomorphism. Let y in G(K), let Y in Lie(G)(K), and write C_y = C_G(y) and C_Y= C_G(Y) for the centralizers. We show that the center of C_y and the center of C_Y are smooth group schemes over K. The existence of a Springer isomorphism is used to treat the crucial cases where y is unipotent and where Y is nilpotent. Now suppose G to be quasisplit, and write C for the centralizer of a rational regular nilpotent element. We obtain a description of the normalizer N_G(C) of C, and we show that the automorphism of Lie(C) determined by the differential of sigma at zero is a scalar multiple of the identity; these results verify observations of J-P. Serre.Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra 07/2009; 213(7):1346–1363. · 0.53 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Let G be a reductive linear algebraic group over an algebraically closed field of characteristic p. We study J.-P. Serre's notion of G-complete reducibility for subgroups of G. In particular, for a subgroup H and a normal subgroup N of H, we look at the relationship between G-complete reducibility of N and of H, and show that these properties are equivalent if H/N is linearly reductive, generalizing a result of Serre. We also study the case when H = MN with M a G-completely reducible subgroup of G which normalizes N. We show that if G is connected, N and M are connected commuting G-completely reducible subgroups of G, and p is good for G, then H = MN is also G-completely reducible.10/2006;

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