Leukotriene B4 receptor 1 is differentially expressed on peripheral T cells of steroid-sensitive and -resistant asthmatics.

ABSTRACT Numbers of CD8(+) T cells expressing the leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptor, BLT1, have been correlated with asthma severity.
To examine the activation and numbers of BLT1-expressing peripheral blood CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells from patients with steroid-sensitive (SS) and steroid-resistant (SR) asthma.
CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells isolated from peripheral blood of healthy human subjects and patients with SS and SR asthma were stimulated in culture with anti-CD3/anti-CD28 followed by analysis of BLT1 surface expression and cytokine production. Activation of CD8(+) T cells after ligation of BLT1 by LTB4 was monitored by changes in intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations.
The number of BLT1-expressing cells was larger in patients with asthma than in controls and larger on activated CD8(+) than on CD4(+) T cells. Addition of LTB4 to activated CD8(+) T cells resulted in increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. Expansion of activated CD4(+) T cells, unlike CD8(+) T cells, was significantly decreased in the presence of corticosteroid. In patients with SS asthma, numbers of BLT1-expressing CD8(+) T cells were lower in the presence of corticosteroid, unlike in those with SR asthma in whom cell expansion was maintained. Levels of interleukin-13 were highest in cultured CD8(+) T cells, whereas interleukin-10 levels were higher in CD4(+) T cells from controls and patients with SS asthma. Interferon-γ levels were lowest in patients with SR asthma.
Differences in BLT1 expression, steroid sensitivity, and cytokine production were demonstrated in T lymphocytes from patients with SS and SR asthma. The LTB4-BLT1 pathway in CD8(+) cells may play an important role in asthma and serve as an important target in the treatment of patients with SR asthma.

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    ABSTRACT: Leukotriene B4, but not (12S)-leukotriene B4, coupled to fluorescein-labeled human serum albumin interacts specifically with human T lymphocytes, as assessed by fluorescence-activated flow cytometry. Approximately 11% of blood T lymphocytes bind the fluorescent conjugate of leukotriene B4. The leukotriene B4-reactive T lymphocytes are distributed between the suppressor-cytotoxic (14%) and helper-inducer (8%) subsets, which were identified concurrently by phycoerythrin-labeled monoclonal antibodies to subset-specific antigens. Leukotriene B4, but not (12S)-leukotriene B4 or leukotriene C4, enhances significantly the proliferation of mitogen-stimulated purified suppressor-cytotoxic T lymphocytes, at concentrations of 10(-12) M to 10(-6) M, and inhibits significantly the proliferation of mitogen-stimulated purified helper-inducer T lymphocytes, at concentrations of 10(-8) M to 10(-6) M, as assessed by the uptake of [3H]thymidine. The net effect of leukotriene B4 on blood T lymphocytes is immunosuppression, which may be expressed in some human hypersensitivity and inflammatory diseases.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 07/1984; 81(11):3501-5. DOI:10.1073/pnas.81.11.3501 · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a potent chemoattractant for myeloid leukocytes, which express BLT1, the high-affinity receptor for LTB4. We report here that BLT1 is induced substantially in CD8+ effector T cells and at lower amounts in CD8+ central memory T cells. LTB4 elicited BLT1-dependent chemotaxis in effector cells, but not in naive or central memory cells. Intravital microscopy showed that BLT1 signaling induced rapid integrin-mediated arrest of rolling effector and central memory cells in postcapillary venules. In competitive homing experiments, wild-type effector cells were three times more efficient at migrating to the inflamed peritoneal cavity than were BLT-deficient effector cells. These results identify LTB4-BLT1 as a potent nonchemokine pathway for cytotoxic effector cell traffic.
    Nature Immunology 11/2003; 4(10):965-73. DOI:10.1038/ni972 · 24.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The role of CD8 T lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of asthma is not well understood. We investigated whether a subset of IL-13-producing BLT1-positive CD8 T lymphocytes are present in asthmatic airways and are associated with impaired lung function. METHODS: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells were obtained from asthmatic (n = 39) and healthy control (n = 28) subjects. Cells were stimulated with phorbol ester and ionomycin in the presence of brefeldin A and stained for CD8, BLT1, and intracellular IL-13. The frequency of IL-13-producing BLT1-positive CD8 T lymphocytes was compared between the two groups and related to lung function, serum IgE levels, and reticular basement membrane (RBM) thickness. RESULTS: A subset of CD8 T lymphocytes expressing BLT1 and producing IL-13 were detected in the airways of all asthmatic subjects. The frequency of this subset among recovered lymphocytes was significantly higher in the airways of asthmatic subjects compared with controls (mean ± SEM: 16.2 ± 1.4 vs 5.3 ± 0.5, respectively, P < 0.001) and correlated positively with serum IgE levels and RBM thickness. More importantly, the frequency of CD8 T lymphocytes co-expressing BLT1 and IL-13 was inversely related to FEV1 and FEF[25-75] percent predicted values (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A subset of CD8 T lymphocytes expressing BLT1 and producing IL-13 is present in the airways of asthmatics. The accumulation of these cells is associated with airway obstruction, suggesting that they may play a significant pathogenic role in bronchial asthma.
    Allergy 04/2013; 68(5). DOI:10.1111/all.12135 · 6.00 Impact Factor