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Leukotriene B4 receptor 1 is differentially expressed on peripheral T cells of steroid-sensitive and -resistant asthmatics.

ABSTRACT Numbers of CD8(+) T cells expressing the leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptor, BLT1, have been correlated with asthma severity.
To examine the activation and numbers of BLT1-expressing peripheral blood CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells from patients with steroid-sensitive (SS) and steroid-resistant (SR) asthma.
CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells isolated from peripheral blood of healthy human subjects and patients with SS and SR asthma were stimulated in culture with anti-CD3/anti-CD28 followed by analysis of BLT1 surface expression and cytokine production. Activation of CD8(+) T cells after ligation of BLT1 by LTB4 was monitored by changes in intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations.
The number of BLT1-expressing cells was larger in patients with asthma than in controls and larger on activated CD8(+) than on CD4(+) T cells. Addition of LTB4 to activated CD8(+) T cells resulted in increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. Expansion of activated CD4(+) T cells, unlike CD8(+) T cells, was significantly decreased in the presence of corticosteroid. In patients with SS asthma, numbers of BLT1-expressing CD8(+) T cells were lower in the presence of corticosteroid, unlike in those with SR asthma in whom cell expansion was maintained. Levels of interleukin-13 were highest in cultured CD8(+) T cells, whereas interleukin-10 levels were higher in CD4(+) T cells from controls and patients with SS asthma. Interferon-γ levels were lowest in patients with SR asthma.
Differences in BLT1 expression, steroid sensitivity, and cytokine production were demonstrated in T lymphocytes from patients with SS and SR asthma. The LTB4-BLT1 pathway in CD8(+) cells may play an important role in asthma and serve as an important target in the treatment of patients with SR asthma.

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