Luteal phase support with progesterone in intrauterine insemination: a prospective randomized study
ABSTRACT Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of vaginal progesterone as luteal support on pregnancy outcomes in infertile patients who undergo ovulation induction with gonadotropins and intrauterine insemination (IUI). Design: Prospective randomized trial. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Patient(s): About 398 patients with primary infertility were treated during 893 ovarian stimulation and IUI cycles from February 2010 to September 2012. Methods: All patients underwent ovarian stimulation with gonadotropins combined with IUI. Patients in the supported group received vaginal micronized progesterone capsules 200 mg once daily from the day after insemination until next menstruation or continuing for up to 8 weeks of pregnancy. Women allocated in the control group did not receive luteal phase support. Main outcome measure(s): Livebirth rate, clinical pregnancy rate and early miscarriage rate per cycle. Result(s): Of the 893 cycles, a total of 111 clinical pregnancies occurred. There were no significant differences between supported with progesterone and unsupported cycle in terms of livebirth rate (10.2% versus 8.3%, respectively, with a p value = 0.874) and clinical pregnancy rate (13.8% compared with 11.0% in unsupported cycle with a p value = 0.248). An early miscarriage rate of 3.6% was observed in the supported cycles and 2.7% in the unsupported cycles, with no significant differences between the groups (p value = 0.874). Conclusion(s): In infertile patients treated with mildly ovarian stimulation with recombinant gonadotropins and IUI, luteal phase support with vaginal progesterone is not associated with higher livebirth rate or clinical pregnancy rate compared with patients who did not receive any luteal phase support.
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ABSTRACT: Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of luteal phase support on clinical pregnancy and live birth rates after ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI). Methods: 579 cycles from 2010 to 2013 were retrospectively evaluated. Ovarian stimulation was performed with gonadotropins, and rHCG was used for ovulation triggering. All patients received IUI. 451 cycles were supported by receiving vaginal micronized progesterone capsules (142 cycles) or vaginal progesterone gel (309 cycles) whereas 128 cycles were not supported. Results: Clinical pregnancy (20.6 versus 9.4%; p = 0.004) and live birth rates (14 versus 7%; p = 0.036) were higher for supported group than for unsupported group. Progesterone gel and micronized progesterone subgroups achieved similar clinical pregnancy and live birth rates (21.4 versus 19%, p = 0.567 and 14.2 versus 13.4%, p = 0.807; respectively). Conclusions: Luteal phase support improved the success of IUI cycles affecting both clinical pregnancy and live birth rates when gonadotropins were used for ovulation induction. The use of vaginal progesterone gel or micronized progesterone significantly improves clinical pregnancy rates. The live birth rates were higher in the progesterone gel group, but were similar in the micronized progesterone group compared to the unsupported group.Gynecological Endocrinology 08/2014; 30(12). DOI:10.3109/09513590.2014.947567 · 1.14 Impact Factor
- Fertility and Sterility 02/2015; 103(2):e40. DOI:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.12.077 · 4.59 Impact Factor
- Fertility and Sterility 02/2015; 103(2):e40-e41. DOI:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.12.078 · 4.59 Impact Factor