Prevalence and Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Colonization among Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Taiwan

Neonatology (Impact Factor: 2.65). 12/2013; 105(2):142-148. DOI: 10.1159/000356733
Source: PubMed


Background: Staphylococcus aureus, particularly methicillin-resistant (MRSA), is an important pathogen in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Carriage of S. aureus is a significant risk factor for subsequent infection. Objectives: To determine the current status of MRSA prevalence among NICU-hospitalized infants in Taiwan, we conducted this pilot island-wide survey. Methods: On two designated dates in 2011, each patient who stayed in the NICUs of 7 participating hospitals was included. Nasal and umbilical swabs were obtained and sent for detection of S. aureus. The prevalence and risk factors for MRSA carriage were analyzed. MRSA strains were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility and underwent molecular characterization. Results: A total of 251 subjects were included. The overall prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA carriage was 13 and 4.4%, respectively. Previous skin and soft tissue infection was the only predictor in multivariate analysis (OR 40.36; 95% CI 2.32-702.64; p = 0.011). Among 11 MRSA isolates, 3 pulsotypes were identified, with one major type (73%). Nine isolates carried a type IV staphylococcal chromosomal cassette, and 2 carried the type VT. All but one MRSA isolate belonged to linage sequence type 59, the community clone in Taiwan. Conclusions: On a designated date, 4.4% of the infants staying in NICUs in Taiwan carried almost genetically identical community strains of MRSA. MRSA colonization in these infants was significantly associated with previous skin and soft tissue infection. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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Available from: Yhu-Chering Huang, Sep 30, 2014
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    • "The study of SA epidemiology in the Montpellier NCC showed an MSSA infection outbreak in the context of SA endemicity. The overall prevalence of SA in 2009 was consistent with other published studies [11,21]. The SA outbreak consisted mostly of bloodstream and respiratory tract infections, mainly caused by the same clone in PFGE. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background In the context of a methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) outbreak, we aimed to improve our knowledge of S. aureus (SA) epidemiology in the neonatal care center (NCC) of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Methods We performed a complete one-year review of SA carrier, colonized or infected patients. Monthly prevalence and incidence of SA intestinal carriage, colonization and infection were calculated and the types of infection analysed. During the MSSA outbreak, strains were studied for antimicrobial resistance, content of virulence genes and comparative fingerprint in Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis. Hand hygiene and catheter-related practices were assessed by direct observational audits. Environmental investigation was performed in search of a SA reservoir. Results Epidemiological analyses showed 2 or 3 prevalence peaks on a background of SA endemicity. In the NCC, during 2009, overall MSSA prevalence did not decrease below 5.5%, while mean MRSA prevalence was about 1.53%. Analysis of infection cases revealed that the outbreak corresponded to the emergence of catheter-related infections and was probably related to the relaxation in infection control practices in a context of high colonization pressure. Health care workers’ white coats appeared as a potential environmental reservoir that could perpetuate SA circulation in the ward. Conclusion This report emphasizes the importance of integrating MSSA along with methicillin-resistant SA in a program of epidemiological surveillance in the NCC.
    07/2014; 3(1):21. DOI:10.1186/2047-2994-3-21
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether topical mupirocin treatment can effectively decolonize methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage and reduce subsequent MRSA infection in neonates. During a 1-year period, the infants admitted to our neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)-1 and NICU-2 were included, and specimens from the nares and umbilicus were obtained within 24 hours, and specimen collection was repeated weekly for 2 weeks. Mupirocin was administered for 5 days to the infants with MRSA colonization in NICU-1 during the first half of the year and then switched to those in NICU-2 during the second half of the year. A total of 525 infants were recruited: 257 infants in the treatment group and 268 in the control group. MRSA colonization was detected in 130 infants (25%) during NICU stay, which is a similar rate in both groups. Twenty-two (4.2%) episodes of MRSA infection were identified. The rate of MRSA infection was significantly higher in infants with prior colonization than in those without (10.2% vs. 2.3%, P < 0.001). Among the infants with prior colonization, the rate of MRSA infection in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group (3.2% vs. 16%, P = 0.014), and the rate in the treatment group was comparable to that in those without colonization (P = 0.7804). Of the 15 infants with both clinical and colonizing isolates, indistinguishable strains between the paired isolates from the same infant by molecular methods were identified in 14 infants (93%). Administering mupirocin topical therapy to MRSA-colonized infants in NICUs might reduce subsequent MRSA infections during hospitalization in these infants. A large-scale study should be conducted.
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