Anticoagulation policy after venous resection with a pancreatectomy: A systematic review

HPB (Impact Factor: 2.68). 12/2013; 16(8). DOI: 10.1111/hpb.12205
Source: PubMed


Portal vein (PV) resection is used increasingly in pancreatic resections. There is no agreed policy regarding anticoagulation.
A systematic review was performed to compare studies with an anticoagulation policy (AC+) to no anticoagulation policy (AC-) after venous resection.
There were eight AC+ studies (n = 266) and five AC- studies (n = 95). The AC+ studies included aspirin, clopidogrel, heparin or warfarin. Only 50% of patients in the AC+ group received anticoagulation. There were more prosthetic grafts in the AC+ group (30 versus 2, Fisher's exact P < 0.001). The overall morbidity and mortality was similar in both groups. Early PV thrombosis (EPVT) was similar in the AC+ group and the AC- group (7%, versus 3%, Fisher's exact P = 0.270) and was associated with a high mortality (8/20, 40%). When prosthetic grafts were excluded there was no difference in the incidence of EPVT between both groups (1% vs 2%, Fisher's exact test P = 0.621).
There is significant heterogeneity in the use of anticoagulation after PV resection. Overall morbidity, mortality and EPVT in both groups were similar. EPVT has a high associated mortality. While we have been unable to demonstrate a benefit for anticoagulation, the incidence of EPVT is low in the absence of prosthetic grafts.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Pancreatectomy with venous reconstruction (VR) for pancreatic cancer (PC) is occurring more commonly. Few studies have examined the long-term patency of the superior mesenteric-portal vein confluence following reconstruction. Methods: From 2007 to 2013, patients who underwent pancreatic resection with VR for PC were classified by type of reconstruction. Patency of VR was assessed using surveillance computed tomographic imaging obtained from date of surgery to last follow-up. Results: VR was performed in 43 patients and included the following: tangential resection with primary repair (7, 16%) or saphenous vein patch (9, 21%); segmental resection with splenic vein division and either primary anastomosis (10, 23%) or internal jugular vein interposition (8, 19%); or segmental resection with splenic vein preservation and either primary anastomosis (3, 7%) or interposition grafting (6, 14%). All patients were instructed to take aspirin after surgery; low molecular weight heparin was not routinely used. An occluded VR was found in four (9%) of the 43 patients at a median follow-up of 13 months; median time to detection of thrombosis in the four patients was 72 days (range 16-238). Conclusions: Pancreatectomy with VR can be performed with high patency rates. The optimal postoperative pharmacologic therapy to prevent thrombosis requires further investigation.
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