Plasma Microparticle Tissue Factor Activity in Patients With Antiphospholipid Antibodies With and Without Clinical Complications.
ABSTRACT Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined by the association of autoantibodies to certain phospholipid-binding proteins with arterial or venous thrombosis ('AT' or 'VT', respectively), and/or pregnancy-related morbidity (PM). Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLA) promote activation of several cell types including monocytes, resulting in procoagulant tissue factor (TF) expression that may contribute to the vascular complications. Since TF synthesis by monocytes is frequently accompanied by release of TF-bearing microparticles, we hypothesized that plasma microparticle TF activity (MP-TF) may be elevated in APS patients and contribute to thrombosis and/or PM. Platelet-poor plasma specimens were obtained from 30 patients with definite APS and 72 patients with asymptomatic aPLA from the Antiphospholipid Syndrome Collaborative Registry (APSCORE). MP-TF was measured by an in-house factor Xa generation assay. The two groups were well matched for gender, age, ethnicity, proportions with underlying SLE, and aPLA profiles. MP-TF (median and (IQR)) in asymptomatic aPLA subjects was 0.09pg/mL (0.05-0.14) compared to 0.13pg/mL (0.10-0.17) in APS (p<0.001). No differences in MP-TF levels were observed between APS subjects with PM, thrombosis, or PM+thrombosis. Similarly, among subjects with either APS or asymptomatic aPLA, MP-TF did not differ in the presence or absence of underlying SLE. Prospective studies will be required to determine if plasma MP-TF activity is causally related to thrombotic or gestational complications in APS.
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ABSTRACT: The antiphospholipid syndrome is characterized by venous or arterial thrombosis and/or recurrent fetal loss in the presence of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies. These antibodies cause activation of endothelial and other cell types leading to the release of microparticles with procoagulant and pro-inflammatory properties. The aims of this study were to characterize the levels of endothelial cell, monocyte, platelet derived, and tissue factor-bearing microparticles in patients with antiphospholipid antibodies, to determine the association of circulating microparticles with anticardiolipin and anti-β2-glycoprotein antibodies, and to define the cellular origin of microparticles that express tissue factor. Microparticle content within citrated blood from 47 patients with antiphospholipid antibodies and 144 healthy controls was analyzed within 2 hours of venipuncture. Levels of Annexin-V, CD105 and CD144 (endothelial derived), CD41 (platelet derived) and tissue factor positive microparticles were significantly higher in patients than controls. Though levels of CD14 (monocyte-derived) microparticles in patient plasma were not significantly increased, increased levels of CD14 and tissue factor positive microparticles were observed in patients. Levels of microparticles that stained for CD105 and CD144 showed a positive correlation with IgG (R = 0.60, p = 0.006) and IgM anti-beta2-glycoprotein I antibodies (R = 0.58, p = 0.006). The elevation of endothelial and platelet derived microparticles in patients with APS and their correlation with anti-β2-glycoprotein I antibodies suggests a chronic state of vascular cell activation in these individuals and an important role for β2-glycoprotein I in development of the pro-thrombotic state associated with antiphospholipid antibodies.Thrombosis Research 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.thromres.2014.11.011 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Tissue factor (TF) is the main in-vivo initiator of blood coagulation. Microparticles (MPs) are small procoagulant membrane vesicles. Elevated TF-bearing MPs have been found in different prothrombotic conditions and MP-associated TF activity may contribute to the pathogenesis of unprovoked deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Objective: To determine MP-TF activity levels at diagnosis of DVT and at four additional time points during the course of one year in a well-defined group of patients with unprovoked DVT of the lower limb. Patients/Methods: In this study, 41 patients with acute unilateral symptomatic and unprovoked DVT of the lower limb were included and followed for 1 year. Venous blood samples for determination of MP-TF activity were drawn at diagnosis of acute DVT, and 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12 months later. In addition, 10 young and healthy control subjects were included. Results: The median MP-TF activity was 0.06 pg/mL (25th-75th percentile: 0.0-0.53) in patients with acute DVT and 0.18 pg/mL (0.07-0.33) in healthy controls, and did not differ significantly (p = 0.35). No significant changes in MP-TF activity were found in the follow-up measurements. MP-TF activity did also not differ significantly between patients with proximal-or distal DVT and between those with-or without residual DVT after 6 months. Conclusions: MP-TF activity is low at the acute event in patients with unprovoked DVT of the lower limb and remains unchanged during the course of the disease. Our data do not support the hypothesis that TF-bearing MPs play a determining role in the pathogenesis of unprovoked DVT.Thrombosis Research 08/2014; 134(5). DOI:10.1016/j.thromres.2014.07.041 · 2.43 Impact Factor