Obesity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Patients With Keratoconus in a Turkish Population
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of occurrence of obesity and high risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a keratoconus population with that of a control group.
This prospective, case-controlled multicenter study was performed on patients with keratoconus and age- and gender-matched control subjects. One hundred forty-six patients were included in each group, and the Berlin Questionnaire was used for classifying patients as having a high risk or low risk of developing OSA. The patients' demographic and clinical characteristics were compared with the Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables and with the χ test for categorical variables.
The keratoconus (85 male/61 female) and control (79 male/67 female) groups' median ages were 25 (8-65) and 24 (9-60) years, respectively. Of the 146 patients in each group, 11 (7.5%) patients were determined to be at a high risk of developing OSA in the keratoconus group, and 8 (5.5%) patients were determined to be at a high risk of developing OSA in the control group. There was no significant difference between the groups (P = 0.477). The keratoconus and control groups' median body mass index values were found to be within normal ranges of 23.2 and 23.4, respectively.
In this study, the mean body mass index value of the keratoconus group was determined to be within normal limits. In a Turkish population, the ratio of a high risk of developing OSA was not found to be significantly different between the keratoconus and control groups.
SourceAvailable from: bmj.comBritish Journal of Ophthalmology 07/1963; 47:321-30. DOI:10.1136/bjo.47.6.321 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Keratoconus and other noninflammatory corneal thinning disorders (keratoglobus, pellucid marginal degeneration and posterior keratoconus) are characterized by progressive corneal thinning, protrusion and scarring; the result is distorted and decreased vision. The etiology and pathogenesis of these disorders are unknown but may be associated with a variety of factors, including contact lens wear, eye rubbing, Down's syndrome, atopic disease, connective tissue disease, tapetoretinal degeneration and inheritance. Recent advances in techniques for biochemical and pathological investigation are now allowing further exploration in these areas. Early diagnosis is aided by the finding of irregular corneal astigmatism with inferior corneal steepening. Treatment ranges from simple spectacle correction to keratoplasty. In this review, the past and present literature on corneal thinning disorders is reviewed and practical approaches to diagnosis and management are outlined.Survey of Ophthalmology 01/1984; 28(4):293-322. DOI:10.1016/0039-6257(84)90094-8 · 3.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Two recent studies reported over 70% of the patients with non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) had sleep apnoea syndrome (SAS) diagnosed by overnight polysomnography. The current study used the Sleep Apnea scale of the Sleep Disorders Questionnaire (SA-SDQ) to evaluate this association. A matched case-control study was conducted among 73 cases of NAION matched on age and gender to 73 controls without a history of NAION. Information regarding demographics, medical conditions, health behaviours and SAS was obtained via a telephone questionnaire that included the SA-SDQ. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and the 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between NAION and the SA-SDQ. Cases were significantly more likely to report symptoms and characteristics consistent with SAS than controls (OR 2.62; 95% CI 1.03 to 6.60) when adjusted for medical and health behaviour characteristics. The results of this study suggest that patients with SAS are at increased risk of NAION. Additional research in a larger population is needed to confirm the observed results and validate the use of the SA-SDQ in patients with NAION.British Journal of Ophthalmology 12/2007; 91(11):1524-7. DOI:10.1136/bjo.2006.113803 · 2.81 Impact Factor