Ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in young patients: Outcomes and activity levels at minimum ten-year follow-up
ABSTRACT We report the clinical and radiological outcomes of a series of contemporary cementless ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacements (THRs) at ten years in patients aged ≤ 55 years of age. Pre- and post-operative activity levels are described. A total of 120 consecutive ceramic cementless THRs were performed at a single centre in 110 patients from 1997 to 1999. The mean age of the patients at operation was 45 years (20 to 55). At ten years, four patients had died and six were lost to follow-up, comprising ten hips. The mean post-operative Harris hip score was 94.7 (55 to 100). Radiological analysis was undertaken in 90 available THRs of the surviving 106 hips at final review: all had evidence of stable bony ingrowth, with no cases of osteolysis. Wear was undetectable. There were four revisions. The survival for both components with revision for any cause as an endpoint was 96.5% (95% confidence interval 94.5 to 98.7). The mean modified University of California, Los Angeles activity level rose from a mean of 6.4 (4 to 10) pre-operatively to 9.0 (6 to 10) at the ten-year post-operative period. Alumina ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in cementless primary THR in this series have resulted in good clinical and radiological outcomes with undetectable rates of wear and excellent function in the demanding younger patient group at ten years. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1603-9.
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ABSTRACT: Total Hip Athroplasty (THA) is a common procedure in orthopedic surgery to address severe osteoarthritis (OA) in the hip joint. With the burgeoning "baby boomer" generation and older athletes who wish to return to competitive levels of sports, understanding how sporting activity affects THA outcomes is becoming exceptionally important. The purpose of this review is to characterize the current recommendations and risks for returning to sports after THA, as well as discuss the implications of the changing demographic and level of expectation on rehabilitation paradigms. Although the actual risks associated with participating in sports after THA are unknown, there are concerns that higher levels of physical activity after THA may increase risk for fracture, dislocation and poor long-term outcomes. Evidence surrounding the specific effect of sporting activity on wear after THA is conflicting. Newer alternatives such as metal-on-metal hip resurfacing are expected to provide better durability but there are concerns of systemic metal ions from mechanical wear, although the impact of these ions on patient health is not clear. Tracking outcomes in patients participating in higher level activities after THA presents a problem. Recently the High Activity Arthroplasty Score has been developed in response to the need to quantify higher level of physical activity and sports participation after joint arthroplasty. This measure has been shown to have a higher ceiling effect than other common outcome measures. There is little prospective evidence regarding the likelihood of poor clinical outcomes with higher level of sporting activity. There is some evidence to suggest that wear may be related to activity level, but the impact on clinical outcomes is conflicting. When advising an athlete considering returning to sport after THA, consider their preoperative activity level, current physical fitness, and specific history including bone quality, surgical approach and type of prosthesis.
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ABSTRACT: We describe the clinical and radiological results of cementless primary total hip replacement (THR) in 25 patients (18 women and seven men; 30 THRs) with severe developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Their mean age at surgery was 47 years (23 to 89). In all, 21 hips had Crowe type III dysplasia and nine had Crowe type IV. Cementless acetabular components with standard polyethylene liners were introduced as close to the level of the true acetabulum as possible. The modular cementless S-ROM femoral component was used with a low resection of the femoral neck. A total of 21 patients (25 THRs) were available for review at a mean follow-up of 18.7 years (15.8 to 21.8). The mean modified Harris hip score improved from 46 points pre-operatively to 90 at final follow up (p < 0.001). A total of 15 patients (17 THRs; 57%) underwent revision of the acetabular component at a mean of 14.6 years (7 to 20.8), all for osteolysis. Two patients (two THRs) had symptomatic loosening. No patient underwent femoral revision. Survival with revision of either component for any indication was 81% at 15 years (95% CI 60.1 to 92.3), with 21 patients at risk. This technique may reduce the need for femoral osteotomy in severe DDH, while providing a good long-term functional result. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1449-54.11/2014; 96-B(11):1449-54. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.96B11.33698
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ABSTRACT: Digital plain radiographs of the pelvis are frequently performed in follow-up examinations of patients who received total hip arthroplasty (THA) or osteosynthesis (OS). Thus, the purpose was to reduce the radiation dose and to determine objective quality control criteria to ensure accurate assessment. Institutional review board approval was obtained. In this prospective randomized study, 289 patients underwent X-ray examination of the pelvis as follow up after receiving THA or OS with standard and reduced dose. The evaluation of the plain radiographs was conducted using the following criteria: bone-implant interface, implant-implant discrimination, implant-surface character and periarticular heterotopic ossification. Two radiologists evaluated these criteria using a score ranging from 1 (definitely assessable) to 4 (not assessable). If a single criterion had been evaluated with a score of 3 or more or more than 2 criteria with 2 points, the radiograph was scored as "not assessable". The study was designed as non-inferiority-trial. Seven (2.4%) examined X-rays were scored as not assessable. There was no statistical inferiority between the examinations with standard (0.365mSv) or reduced dose (0.211mSv). Reduced dose only led to limitations in the evaluation of ceramic components with low clinical impact in most scenarios. Plain radiography of the pelvis in patients with THA or OS can be performed with a dose reduction of about 42% without a loss of important information. The obtained quality control criteria were clinically applicable. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.European Journal of Radiology 02/2015; 84(5). DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2015.02.001 · 2.16 Impact Factor