Rosuvastatin versus atorvastatin to prevent contrast induced nephropathy in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (ROSA-cIN trial).
ABSTRACT We aimed to compare the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) between atorvastatin versus rosuvastatin in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary coronary angioplasty.
One hundred ninety-two consecutive patients, who underwent primary percutaneous intervention (p-PCI) with the diagnosis of STEMI, were included in the study. The patients were randomized to take atorvastatin 80 mg (n=98) or rosuvastatin 40 mg (n= 94) before the procedure. Biochemical and complete blood count measurements were done at baseline and at 48 hours following admission.
The incidence of CIN was 8.9% (n= 17) in the entire groups. The analysis performed between the statin groups revealed no statistical difference in any of the renal dysfunction indicators [baseline creatinine, baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), creatinine at 48 h, eGFR at 48 h, difference between baseline and 48 h creatinine, the per cent increase in the creatinine at 48 hours relative to basal creatinine]. In STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI, only the amount of the contrast agent administered was determined to be an independent predictor for CIN (OR and 95% CI: 1.08 (1.03- 1.13), P< or = 0.001). Left ventricular ejection fraction exhibited borderline statistical significance (OR and 95% CI: 0.88 (0.77-1.01), P= 0.07).
Atorvastatin and rosuvastatin had similar efficacy in preventing CIN in patients with STEMI undergoing P-PCI.
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ABSTRACT: We prospectively compared the preventive effects of rosuvastatin and atorvastatin on contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(10):e111124. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0111124 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Preprocedural statin administration may reduce contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI), but current evidence is controversial. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing preprocedural statin administration before coronary catheterization with standard strategies were searched in MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect databases. The outcome of interest was the incidence of postprocedural CI-AKI. Prespecified subgroup analyses were performed according to baseline glomerular filtration rate (GFR), statin type, and N-acetylcysteine use. Eight RCTs were included for a total of 4,984 patients. The incidence of CI-AKI was 3.91% in the statin group (n = 2,480) and 6.98% in the control group (n = 2,504). In the pooled analysis using a random-effects model, patients receiving statins had 46% lower relative risk (RR) of CI-AKI compared with the control group (RR 0.54, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.38 to 0.78, p = 0.001). A moderate degree of non-significant heterogeneity was present (I(2) = 41.9%, chi-square = 12.500, p = 0.099, τ² = 0.100). In the subanalysis based on GFR, the pooled RR indicated a persistent benefit with statins in patients with GFR <60 ml/min (RR 0.67, 95% CI 0.45 to 1.00, p = 0.050) and a highly significant benefit in patients with GFR ≥60 ml/min (RR 0.40, 95% CI 0.27 to 0.61, p <0.0001). Statin type and N-acetylcysteine or hydration did not significantly influence the results. In conclusion, preprocedural statin use leads to a significant reduction in the pooled RR of CI-AKI.The American Journal of Cardiology 06/2014; 114(4). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.05.036 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Contrast-induced nephropathy is a common complication of iodinated contrast administration. Statins may reduce the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy, but data remain inconclusive. We summarized the evidence based on statins for the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy with a network meta-analysis. Randomized trials focusing on statins were searched and pooled with random-effect odds ratios. A total of 14 trials (6,160 patients) were included, focusing on atorvastatin (high/low dose), rosuvastatin (high dose), simvastatin (high/low dose), and placebo or no statin therapy before contrast administration. The risk of contrast-induced nephropathy was reduced by atorvastatin high dose and rosuvastatin high dose, with no difference between these two agents. Results for atorvastatin low dose and simvastatin (high/low dose) in comparison to placebo were inconclusive. Atorvastatin and rosuvastatin administered at high doses and before iodinated contrast administration have a consistent and beneficial preventive effect on contrast-induced nephropathy and may actually halve its incidence.BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:213239. DOI:10.1155/2014/213239 · 2.71 Impact Factor