Article

Disparities in Endoscopy Use for Colorectal Cancer Screening in the United States.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 750 N Lake Shore Drive, 10th Floor, Chicago, IL, USA, .
Digestive Diseases and Sciences (Impact Factor: 2.55). 11/2013; 59(3). DOI: 10.1007/s10620-013-2937-x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT It is well established that disparities exist for colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence rates and death. With screening, death from CRC may be considered a preventable occurrence. Endoscopy (flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy) is the only modality with therapeutic benefit of removal of pre-cancerous polyps. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act mandated that preventive screening services be covered, which includes endoscopy for colon cancer screening. Recent federal rules have eliminated cost sharing for polyp removal during screening colonoscopy in privately insured patients; however, this has not been mandated for Medicare patients. Understanding the current state of disparities in endoscopy use is important, as these policy changes will affect millions of patients. The purpose of this literature review was to summarize the known research on disparities in endoscopy use for colon cancer screening in the United States and highlight areas for future research.

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