Radiofrequency ablation of the great saphenous vein in an elderly patient with co-morbid disease
ABSTRACT An 86-year-old male patient with hypertension, Parkinsonism, benign prostatic hyperplasia, cataract and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease had a history of coronary bypass surgery in two veins due to anterior myocardial infarction one year earlier. He presented with pain and feelings of paresthesia below the knee of his left leg, and had fallen twice. He had used compressions and venoprotective medication for two years and had also received physiotherapy but it had not alleviated the symptoms. He had varicose dilatations in the left leg and pigmentation and a recovered venous ulcer scar were present on the medial malleolus. The patient was classed as grade 4 according to the CEAP classification. Because there was no deficiency in the superficial femoral and popliteal veins, the patient was taken for endovenous ablation. He had no pain or sensation of heaviness in the legs on postoperative day 10, and the first, third and sixth months of check up. Endovenous ablation is a procedure that increases the quality of life and comfort in elderly patients, with minimal pain. Radiofrequency catheter procedures have proven to be more successful in patients of all age groups than procedures such as standard surgery and foam therapy.
- Phlebology 02/2008; 23(3):101-2. DOI:10.1258/phleb.2007.007080 · 1.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This randomized trial compared four treatments for varicose great saphenous veins (GSVs). Five hundred consecutive patients (580 legs) with GSV reflux were randomized to endovenous laser ablation (980 and 1470 nm, bare fibre), radiofrequency ablation, ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy or surgical stripping using tumescent local anaesthesia with light sedation. Miniphlebectomies were also performed. The patients were examined with duplex imaging before surgery, and after 3 days, 1 month and 1 year. At 1 year, seven (5.8 per cent), six (4.8 per cent), 20 (16.3 per cent) and four (4.8 per cent) of the GSVs were patent and refluxing in the laser, radiofrequency, foam and stripping groups respectively (P < 0.001). One patient developed a pulmonary embolus after foam sclerotherapy and one a deep vein thrombosis after surgical stripping. No other major complications were recorded. The mean(s.d.) postintervention pain scores (scale 0-10) were 2.58(2.41), 1.21(1.72), 1.60(2.04) and 2.25(2.23) respectively (P < 0.001). The median (range) time to return to normal function was 2 (0-25), 1 (0-30), 1 (0-30) and 4 (0-30) days respectively (P < 0.001). The time off work, corrected for weekends, was 3.6 (0-46), 2.9 (0-14), 2.9 (0-33) and 4.3 (0-42) days respectively (P < 0.001). Disease-specific quality-of-life and Short Form 36 (SF-36(®)) scores had improved in all groups by 1-year follow-up. In the SF-36(®) domains bodily pain and physical functioning, the radiofrequency and foam groups performed better in the short term than the others. All treatments were efficacious. The technical failure rate was highest after foam sclerotherapy, but both radiofrequency ablation and foam were associated with a faster recovery and less postoperative pain than endovenous laser ablation and stripping.British Journal of Surgery 08/2011; 98(8):1079-87. DOI:10.1002/bjs.7555 · 5.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chronic venous insufficiency, which traditionally has been attributed to failure of the deep venous system, may result from reflux in the superficial venous system. Chronic venous insufficiency is common in elderly patients, but surgical treatment is seldom offered to this patient population. We evaluated the results of superficial venous surgery for the treatment of severe chronic venous insufficiency in a cohort of elderly patients. The authors assessed patients aged 70 years or more with chronic venous insufficiency that had failed conventional conservative treatment. The superficial and deep venous systems were thoroughly investigated by duplex ultrasonography. Associated medical conditions were reevaluated and their treatment optimized. Twenty-eight patients (11 men, 17 women), aged between 70 and 89 years (mean 79), underwent superficial venous surgery. Open ulcers, active dermatitis and recurrent erysipelas were evident in 12, 9 and 7 patients, respectively. Limb swelling and severe pain were present in 25 (89%). The operations were performed under general or regional anesthesia with overnight hospitalization. Surgical treatment consisted of ligation of the points of reflux at the junctions of the superficial and deep systems, as defined by the duplex examination (21 saphenofemoral junctions, 5 saphenopopliteal junctions, 10 perforator veins), and stripping of the long saphenous vein to knee level (15 patients). Postoperative ambulatory treatment was continued until the wounds were completely closed. All ulcers healed completely within 8 weeks. No cardiac, respiratory, or renal complications were encountered. Wound infection at the groin occurred in 1 patient. Cellulitis of the calf area developed in 4 patients. Two ulcers recurred during follow-up of 1 to 5 years (mean 2.5). Surgery of the superficial venous system for treatment of severe chronic venous insufficiency is effective and can be achieved with minimal morbidity in selected elderly patients. The risk/benefit ratio for this procedure has been reduced sufficiently to ensure a major improvement in the quality of life of such patients.Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 03/2003; 37(2):111-5. DOI:10.1177/153857440303700205 · 0.77 Impact Factor