Article

# Quantum Monte Carlo Method Applied to Strongly Correlated Dilute Fermi Gases with Finite Effective Range

International Journal of Modern Physics E (Impact Factor: 0.63). 01/2009; 18(04):919-925. DOI: 10.1142/S0218301309013051

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**We report results of fully non-perturbative, Path Integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) calculations for dilute neutron matter. The neutron-neutron interaction in the s channel is parameterized by the scattering length and the effective range. We calculate the energy and the chemical potential as a function of temperature at the density $\dens=0.003\fm^{-3}$. The critical temperature $\Tc$ for the superfluid-normal phase transition is estimated from the finite size scaling of the condensate fraction. At low temperatures we extract the spectral weight function $A(p,\omega)$ from the imaginary time propagator using the methods of maximum entropy and singular value decomposition. We determine the quasiparticle spectrum, which can be accurately parameterized by three parameters: an effective mass $m^*$, a mean-field potential $U$, and a gap $\Delta$. Large value of $\Delta/\Tc$ indicates that the system is not a BCS-type superfluid at low temperatures.Physical Review C 12/2009; 83(1). · 3.72 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**In this chapter, we describe three related studies of the universal physics of two-component unitary Fermi gases with resonant short-ranged interactions. First we discuss an ab initio auxiliary field quantum Monte Carlo technique for calculating thermodynamic properties of the unitary gas from first principles. We then describe in detail a Density Functional Theory (DFT) fit to these thermodynamic properties: the Superfluid Local Density Approximation (SLDA) and its Asymmetric (ASLDA) generalization. We present several applications, including vortex structure, trapped systems, and a supersolid Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO/LOFF) state. Finally, we discuss the time-dependent extension to the density functional (TDDFT) which can describe quantum dynamics in these systems, including non-adiabatic evolution, superfluid to normal transitions and other modes not accessible in traditional frameworks such as a Landau-Ginzburg, Gross-Pitaevskii, or quantum hydrodynamics.Lecture Notes in Physics 08/2010; - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We investigate the low-temperature thermodynamics of the unitary Fermi gas by introducing a model based on the zero-temperature spectra of both bosonic collective modes and fermonic single-particle excitations. We calculate the Helmholtz free energy and from it we obtain the entropy, the internal energy and the chemical potential as a function of the temperature. By using these quantities and the Landau's expression for the superfluid density we determine analytically the superfluid fraction, the critical temperature, the first sound velocity and the second sound velocity. We compare our analytical results with other theoretical predictions and experimental data of ultracold atoms and dilute neutron matter.Physical Review A 11/2010; 82(6). · 3.04 Impact Factor

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