Ultrasound-heated photoacoustic flowmetry
ABSTRACT We report the development of photoacoustic flowmetry assisted by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). This novel method employs HIFU to generate a heating impulse in the flow medium, followed by photoacoustic monitoring of the thermal decay process. Photoacoustic flowmetry in a continuous medium remains a challenge in the optical diffusive regime. Here, both the HIFU heating and photoacoustic detection can focus at depths beyond the optical diffusion limit (∼1 mm in soft tissue). This method can be applied to a continuous medium, i.e., a medium without discrete scatterers or absorbers resolvable by photoacoustic imaging. Flow speeds up to 41 mm·s-1 have been experimentally measured in a blood phantom covered by 1.5-mm-thick tissue.
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ABSTRACT: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is one of the fastest growing biomedical imaging modalities in the last decade. Building on its high scalability and complementary imaging contrast to other mainstream modalities, PAT has gained substantial momentum in both preclinical and clinical studies. In 2013, PAT has grown markedly in both its technological capabilities and biomedical applications. In particular, breakthroughs have been made in super-resolution imaging, deep blood flow measurement, small animal resting state brain mapping, video rate functional human imaging, and human breast imaging. These breakthroughs have either successfully solved long-standing technical issues in PAT or significantly enhanced its imaging capability. This review will summarize state-of-the-art developments in PAT and highlight a few representative achievements of the year 2013.IEEE Photonics Journal 04/2014; 6(2):1-6. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2014.2310197 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is an emerging imaging modality that shows great potential for preclinical research and clinical practice. As a hybrid technique, PAT is based on the acoustic detection of optical absorption from either endogenous chromophores, such as oxy-hemoglobin and deoxy-hemoglobin, or exogenous contrast agents, such as organic dyes and nanoparticles. Because ultrasound scatters much less than light in tissue, PAT generates high-resolution images in both the optical ballistic and diffusive regimes. Over the past decade, the photoacoustic technique has been evolving rapidly, leading to a variety of exciting discoveries and applications. This review covers the basic principles of PAT and its different implementations. Strengths of PAT are highlighted, along with the most recent imaging results.Progress In Electromagnetics Research 01/2014; 147:1-22. DOI:10.2528/PIER14032303 · 5.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We present an optically encoded photoacoustic (PA) flow imaging method based on optical-resolution PA microscopy. An intensity-modulated continuous-wave laser photothermally encodes the flowing medium, and a pulsed laser generates PA waves to image the encoded heat pattern. Flow speeds can be calculated by cross correlation. The method was validated in phantoms at flow speeds ranging from 0.23 to 11 mm/s. Venous blood flow speed in a mouse ear was also measured. (C) 2014 Optical Society of AmericaOptics Letters 07/2014; 39(13):3814-3817. DOI:10.1364/OL.39.003814 · 3.18 Impact Factor