Article

Lectura de la Expresión Facial de las Emociones: Investigación básica en la mejora del reconocimiento de emociones

Ansiedad y Estres 10/2013; 19(2-3):121-129.

ABSTRACT In this article we review two important discoveries of psychology of emotion: the universality of facial expressions of emotion and the existence of microexpressions and how they have been used as a basis for the development of training and improving recognition ability programs. We discuss the most important aspects of their application to the real world in various professional and personal spheres. Finally we conclude that, despite the low rate of accuracy in recognizing microexpressions by the majority of the people, there are tools to develop the ability to recognize facial emotion expression.

2 Bookmarks
 · 
350 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Using meta-analysis, we find a consistent positive correlation between emotion recognition accuracy (ERA) and goal-oriented performance. However, this existing research relies primarily on subjective perceptions of performance. The current study tested the impact of ERA on objective performance in a mixed-motive buyer-seller negotiation exercise. Greater recognition of posed facial expressions predicted better objective outcomes for participants from Singapore playing the role of seller, both in terms of creating value and claiming a greater share for themselves. The present study is distinct from past research on the effects of individual differences on negotiation outcomes in that it uses a performance-based test rather than self-reported measure. These results add to evidence for the predictive validity of emotion recognition measures on practical outcomes.
    Journal of Nonverbal Behavior 01/2007; 31(4):205-223. · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The current study aimed to explore burnout prevalence rates and to examine the relationship between burnout and emotional intelligence in an Australian surgical population. The sample comprised 126 participants (53 SSTs, 73 Fellows; Mean age = 44.03 years, SD = 13.29).Method Participants completed a battery of self-report measures of burnout, emotional intelligence, and social desirability. Measures achieved reliability coefficients between .68 and .89, indicating adequate internal consistency.Results A series of independent samples t-tests indicated that burnout levels were significantly higher for the surgical sample than for other normative populations, with 47.6% of the sample reporting high general burnout levels. As predicted, younger surgeons reported significantly higher burnout levels, regardless of career stage. Burnout correlated significantly with early retirement and/or retraining intentions, and was inversely related to overall emotional intelligence levels. A series of regression analyses revealed that emotional control, emotional recognition and expression, and understanding of emotions were significant predictors of burnout. An exploration of gender differences found that females reported slightly higher general burnout levels.Conclusion A number of implications, limitations, and suggestions for further research were explored. It was concluded that burnout remains a significant problem for the surgical profession, with the potential for considerable personal, psychological, and societal impairment. The development of training interventions and further exploration of the aetiology of burnout was recommended, to ensure that impairment is minimised for individuals vulnerable to developing burnout.
    ANZ Journal of Surgery 04/2007; 77(s1):A79 - A79. · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Encoders were video recorded giving either truthful or deceptive descriptions of video footage designed to generate either emotional or unemotional responses. Decoders were asked to indicate the truthfulness of each item, what cues they used in making their judgements, and then to complete both the Micro Expression Training Tool (METT) and Subtle Expression Training Tool (SETT). Although overall performance on the deception detection task was no better than chance, performance for emotional lie detection was significantly above chance, while that for unemotional lie detection was significantly below chance. Emotional lie detection accuracy was also significantly positively correlated with reported use of facial expressions and with performance on the SETT, but not on the METT. The study highlights the importance of taking the type of lie into account when assessing skill in deception detection.
    Journal of Nonverbal Behavior 02/2009; 33(1):59-69. · 1.77 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
68 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014