Successful treatment of extensive intestinal perforations from Behcet's disease involving the whole gut: a case report.
ABSTRACT Intestinal perforation resulting from Behcet's disease has been previously well recognized. To date, fewer than 100 cases of this nature have been reported. Nearly the entire digestive system can be involved, including esophageal, gastric, duodenal, ileum, colon and anal tissues. Most of the reported perforations are single or assembled. Herein, an 8-year-old Chinese girl who developed Behcet's disease with extensive intestinal perforations throughout the gut was successfully treated and is presented. The diagnosis of Behcet's disease was established based on the typical presentations of recurrent oral aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, typical eye lesions and a positive skin prick test. The extensive intestinal perforations were confirmed by laparotomy. Taking her developmental requirements into consideration, a simple perforation repair was carried out, followed by routine administration of immunosuppressive treatment, and the symptoms were temporarily relieved. Unfortunately, another ileocecal perforation occurred after 1.5 years, and an ileocolectomy was carried out. After the procedure, the girl recovered well. Clinicians should be aware of Behcet's disease as a unique source of intestinal perforation. Although it is encountered rarely in clinical settings, this condition should be considered in each case of intestinal perforation. An ileocolectomy was the necessary choice for radical treatment, even in the case of a pediatric patient.
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 11/1999; 29(4):477-81. DOI:10.1097/00005176-199910000-00021 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Behçet's disease (BD), when first described in 1937, consisted of three symptoms: recurrent oral and genital ulcerations and iridocyclitis. Today, it is known that BD is a multisystemic chronic vasculitic disorder which may involve both arteries and veins of all sizes, as well as the central nervous and gastrointestinal systems. The rate of gastrointestinal involvement of BD varies in different populations, being more common in Japan (50%-60%) and less common in the Mediterranean basin, including Turkey (0%-5%). We present a 34-year-old Turkish woman with BD who had ileal and colonic ulcerations complicated by perforation and gastrointestinal bleeding. Special emphasis was placed on the differential diagnosis between Crohn's disease (CD) and BD with gastrointestinal involvement.Clinical Rheumatology 02/2001; 20(1):61-2. DOI:10.1007/PL00011185 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Intestinal ulcers in Behçet disease tend to cause perforation, and postoperative recurrence is common with a high mortality rate. The optimal therapeutic strategy has yet to be elucidated, particularly in cases of diffuse intestinal involvement. We herein present a case of diffuse intestinal Behçet disease with ileal perforation. A 57-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our institution with complaints of intractable oral ulcers and abdominal pain. The patient underwent an emergency laparotomy for perforated peritonitis in spite of the intravenous administration of prednisolone (1.5 mg/kg) under total parenteral nutrition. Macroscopically, an inflamed ileum measuring 1.6 m in length was resected, including a 1-cm perforated ulceration. Innumerable small and deep ulcers were also observed, consisting of nonspecific inflammation. The patient has been free from any recurrence of intestinal ulcers while being treated with prednisolone, colchicine, and a low-residue diet for 1.5 years.Surgery Today 02/2002; 32(2):167-9. DOI:10.1007/s005950200013 · 1.21 Impact Factor