Dentine hypersensitivity--guidelines for the management of a common oral health problem.
ABSTRACT Dentine hypersensitivity (DHS) remains a worldwide under-reported and under-managed problem, despite making some dental treatments more stressful than necessary and having a negative impact on the patient's quality of life. This article is designed to build dental professionals' confidence and remove any confusion regarding the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of sensitive teeth caused by dentine hypersensitivity in those patients known to be at risk. There is a need for simple guidelines, which can be readily applied in general practice. However, it is also obvious that one strategy cannot suit all patients. This review describes a DHS management scheme for dental professionals that is linked to management strategies targeted at three different groups of patient. These patient groups are: 1) patients with gingival recession; 2) treatment patients with toothwear lesions; and 3) patients with periodontal disease and those receiving periodontal treatment. The authors also acknowledge the role of industry as well as dental professionals in a continuing role in educating the public on the topic of sensitive teeth. It is therefore important that educational activities and materials for both dental professionals and consumers use common terminology in order to reduce the possibility for confusion.
This review article provides practical, evidence-based guidance on the management of dentine hypersensitivity for dental professionals covering diagnosis, prevention and treatment. Sensitivity associated with gingival recession, toothwear and periodontal disease and periodontal treatment are specifically addressed in the article.
SourceAvailable from: Eduardo Fernández
Dataset: influencia de 2 dentrificos
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine the effects of agents toothpastes on the hydraulic conductance of dentin desensitizers “in vitro”. We selected 60 third molars healthy humans, recently extracted without occlusal contact, of patients between 15-30 years, which were cleaned, disinfected (Tymol 0.1% per 24 hours) and preserved at T atmosphere solution for a maximum of 14 days. The crowns were sectioned perpendicular to the tooth axis under abundant refrigeration, obtaining a disc of 1 mm +/-0.1 mm. thickness for each Crown. Disks were separated into the following three groups of treatment, of 20 discs each, which were brushings (brush electrical Oral-B Pro health Power) for 2 minutes only by your face occlusal with; a) Colgate® Sensitive Pro relief with technology Pro arginine (Colgate-Palmolive, USA), b) Sensodyne® quick-relief (GlaxoSmitheKline, UK), and c) distilled water as a negative control. The data were statistically analyzed by Kruskall Wallis and Mann Whitney tests. The results expressed in μl*cm−2*min−1cm*H2O−1as stockings, separated by group were; a) 0,00650 (±0.00384), b) 0,00800 (±0,00472), c) 0 and 03649 (±0,03042). You could be concluded with the study that two dentin desensitizers agents present significant decrease in hydraulic conductance in dentin. Statistically significant differences were found between the group control and Sensodyne® fast relief (p = 0,000) and between group control and Colgate® Sensitive Pro relief (p = 0,000). There was no difference between the two toothpastes (p = 0,317).12/2014; 7(3):157-163. DOI:10.1016/j.piro.2014.09.003
1st edited by David Gillam, 03/2015; Springer International Publishing Switzerland.