*Baylor University School of Medicine, The Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas. †The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland. .
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The safety of anesthesia has improved greatly in the past three decades. Standard perioperative monitoring, including pulse oximetry, has practically eliminated unrecognized arterial hypoxia as a cause for perioperative injury. However, most anesthesia-related cardiac arrests in children are now cardiovascular in origin, and standard monitoring is unable to detect many circulatory abnormalities. Near-infrared spectroscopy provides noninvasive continuous access to the venous side of regional circulations that can approximate organ-specific and global measures to facilitate the detection of circulatory abnormalities and drive goal-directed interventions to reduce end-organ ischemic injury.
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