Effect of early administration of alendronate after surgery for distal radial fragility fracture on radiological fracture healing time

Shinshu University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shinshu Society for Surgery of the Upper Extremities, Asahi 3-1-1, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan.
Bone and Joint Journal (Impact Factor: 1.96). 11/2013; 95-B(11):1544-50. DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.95B11.31652
Source: PubMed


This multicentre prospective clinical trial aimed to determine whether early administration of alendronate (ALN) delays fracture healing after surgical treatment of fractures of the distal radius. The study population comprised 80 patients (four men and 76 women) with a mean age of 70 years (52 to 86) with acute fragility fractures of the distal radius requiring open reduction and internal fixation with a volar locking plate and screws. Two groups of 40 patients each were randomly allocated either to receive once weekly oral ALN administration (35 mg) within a few days after surgery and continued for six months, or oral ALN administration delayed until four months after surgery. Postero-anterior and lateral radiographs of the affected wrist were taken monthly for six months after surgery. No differences between groups was observed with regard to gender (p = 1.0), age (p = 0.916), fracture classification (p = 0.274) or bone mineral density measured at the spine (p = 0.714). The radiographs were assessed by three independent assessors. There were no significant differences in the mean time to complete cortical bridging observed between the ALN group (3.5 months (se 0.16)) and the no-ALN group (3.1 months (se 0.15)) (p = 0.068). All the fractures healed in the both groups by the last follow-up. Improvement of the Quick-Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) score, grip strength, wrist range of movement, and tenderness over the fracture site did not differ between the groups over the six-month period. Based on our results, early administration of ALN after surgery for distal radius fracture did not appear to delay fracture healing times either radiologically or clinically. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1544-50.

4 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fragility fractures can cause significant morbidity and mortality in patients with osteoporosis and inflict considerable medical and socioeconomic burden. Moreover, treatment of an osteoporotic fracture is challenging due to the decreased strength of the surrounding bone and suboptimal healing capacity, predisposing both to fixation failure and non-union. Whereas a systemic osteoporosis treatment acts slowly, local release of osteogenic agents in osteoporotic fracture would act rapidly to increase bone strength and quality as well as to reduce the bone healing period and prevent development of a problematic non-union. The identification of agents with potential to stimulate bone formation and improve implant fixation strength in osteoporotic bone has raised hope for the fast augmentation of osteoporotic fractures. Stimulation of bone formation by local delivery of growth factors is an approach already in clinical use for the treatment of non-unions, and could be utilized for osteoporotic fractures as well. Small molecules have also gained ground as stable and inexpensive compounds to enhance bone formation and tackle osteoporosis. The aim of this paper is to present the state of the art on local drug delivery in osteoporotic fractures. Advantages, disadvantages and underlying molecular mechanisms of different active species for local bone healing in osteoporotic bone are discussed. This review also identifies promising new candidate molecules and innovative approaches for the local drug delivery in osteoporotic bone.
    Acta Biomaterialia 09/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.1016/j.actbio.2014.09.006 · 6.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Results: Ten studies with 2888 patients were included. Four trials used alendronate, three trials used zoledronic, two trials used risedronate, and one trial used etidronate. Early administration of BPs was considered less than 3 months after surgery. Patients treated with BP therapy had no significant differences in radiological fracture healing times compared with patients in the control group (mean difference [MD] 0.47, 95 % confidence interval [CI] −2.75 to 3.69). There were also no significant differences in the rate of delay or nonunion of fracture healing (odds ratio [OR] 0.98, 95 % CI 0.64 to 1.50). However, the bone mineral density (BMD) of total hips did significantly improve after 12 months of treatment with BPs. And most bone turnover markers of patients in the study group were significantly decreased.
    Osteoporosis International 09/2014; 26(2). DOI:10.1007/s00198-014-2903-2 · 4.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fragility fractures are occurring at an ever-increasing rate, creating an enormous economic and societal impact. Outpatient-based fragility fracture programs have been developed to identify at-risk patients, initiate effective treatment of metabolic bone disease, and improve coordination between members of the patient’s care team with the goal of reducing future fractures. Inpatient programs focus on effective, efficient management of patients presenting with acute fractures. Both have proven successful in reducing the impact of fragility fractures, but many challenges exist. The orthopedic surgeon, as part of an integrated team of providers, is integral in identifying at-risk patients, ensuring appropriate care of acute fractures, and initiating treatment protocols to reduce the risk of further injuries.
    Current Osteoporosis Reports 12/2014; 13(1). DOI:10.1007/s11914-014-0251-y