Rovibrational dynamics of the strontium molecule in the A1Σu+, c3Πu, and a3Σu+ manifold from state-of-the-art ab initio calculations
ABSTRACT State-of-the-art ab initio techniques have been applied to compute the potential energy curves for the electronic states in the A1Σu+, c3Πu, and a3Σu+ manifold of the strontium dimer, the spin-orbit and nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements between the states in the manifold, and the electric transition dipole moment from the ground X1Σg+ to the nonrelativistic and relativistic states in the A+c+a manifold. The potential energy curves and transition moments were obtained with the linear response (equation of motion) coupled cluster method limited to single, double, and linear triple excitations for the potentials and limited to single and double excitations for the transition moments. The spin-orbit and nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements were computed with the multireference configuration interaction method limited to single and double excitations. Our results for the nonrelativistic and relativistic (spin-orbit coupled) potentials deviate substantially from recent ab initio calculations. The potential energy curve for the spectroscopically active (1)0u+ state is in quantitative agreement with the empirical potential fitted to high-resolution Fourier transform spectra [A. Stein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, Eur. Phys. J. D 64, 227 (2011)]10.1140/epjd/e2011-20229-6. The computed ab initio points were fitted to physically sound analytical expressions, and used in converged coupled channel calculations of the rovibrational energy levels in the A+c+a manifold and line strengths for the A1Σu+←X1Σg+ transitions. Positions and lifetimes of quasi-bound Feshbach resonances lying above the 1S0 + 3P1 dissociation limit were also obtained. Our results reproduce (semi)quantitatively the experimental data observed thus far. Predictions for on-going and future experiments are also reported.
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ABSTRACT: We report on the creation of ultracold Sr-84(2) molecules in the electronic ground state. The molecules are formed from atom pairs on sites of an optical lattice using stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP). We achieve a transfer efficiency of 30% and obtain 4 X 10(4) molecules with full control over the external and internal quantum state. STIRAP is performed near the narrow S-1(0)-P-3(1) intercombination transition, using a vibrational level of the 1(0(u)(+)) potential as an intermediate state. In preparation of our molecule association scheme, we have determined the binding energies of the last vibrational levels of the 1(0(u)(+)), 1(1(u)) excited-state and the X 1 Sigma(+)(g) ground-state potentials. Our work overcomes the previous limitation of STIRAP schemes to systems with magnetic Feshbach resonances, thereby establishing a route that is applicable to many systems beyond alkali-metal dimers.Physical Review Letters 09/2012; 109(11):115302. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Photoassociation, assembling molecules from atoms using laser light, is limited by the low density of atom pairs at sufficiently short interatomic separations. Here, we show that non-resonant light with intensities of the order of 10^10 W/cm^2 modifies the thermal cloud of atoms, enhancing the Boltzmann weight of shape resonances and pushing scattering states below the dissociation limit. This leads to an enhancement of photoassociation rates by several orders of magnitude and opens the way to significantly larger numbers of ground state molecules in a thermal ensemble than achieved so far.Physical Review A 01/2013; 86(6). · 3.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have produced large samples of stable ultracold 88Sr2 molecules in the electronic ground state in an optical lattice. The fast, all-optical method of molecule creation involves a near-intercombination-line photoassociation pulse followed by spontaneous emission with a near-unity Franck-Condon factor. The detection uses excitation to a weakly bound electronically excited vibrational level corresponding to a very large dimer and yields a high-Q molecular vibronic resonance. This is the first of two steps needed to create deeply bound 88Sr2 for frequency metrology and ultracold chemistry.Physical Review Letters 09/2012; 109(11). · 7.73 Impact Factor