“It was Pretty Scary”: The Theme of Fear in Young Adult Women's Descriptions of a History of Adolescent Dating Abuse
ABSTRACT The mental health impact of abusive adolescent dating relationships has not been well described, but fear related to abuse has been reported. We elaborate the theme of fear in women's descriptions of a history of adolescent dating abuse. A sample of community-based women, ages 19-34, who experienced an abusive dating relationship during adolescence (ages 11-20) was used. Data were analyzed via thematic analysis. Fear was a consistent and resonant theme. Three types of fear were identified: fear for self, fear for other relationships, and fearful expectation. These results offer important insights into the impact of abusive adolescent relationships on women's mental health.
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ABSTRACT: Estimates of the prevalence of dating violence among adolescents range from 9% to 60%. Teens in all ethnic groups, socioeconomic strata, and geographic regions report involvement. The spectrum of abuse includes verbal, physical, and sexual violence. Young men and women are involved as both victims and perpetrators. Female teens inflict more minor physical injuries than male teens, but are also likely to receive more significant physical injuries and are more likely to be sexually victimized. Contextual (aggressive personalities, acceptance of dating violence, exposure to familial violence) and situational factors (relationship problems, alcohol and drug use, jealousy) contribute to aggressive behavior. Effective prevention, early detection, and treatment strategies require coordinated school, community, legal, and health care provider interventions.Journal of the American Medical Women's Association (1972) 02/1999; 54(3):144-8.
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ABSTRACT: Developing a concept analysis of control for use in child and adolescent mental health nursingThe need to help children and young people with significant mental health problems develop a sense of personal control in their everyday lives, in a manner which does not endanger themselves or others, was recognized by nurse practitioners working in an English regional multidisciplinary child and adolescent mental health residential unit. A concept analysis of control was undertaken and used to develop a framework for analysing control. This deductive framework was modified iteratively by nurses who developed new knowledge from a qualitative exploration of current practice and the application of the evolving framework to practice problems. The paper describes this process and highlights three main findings: (i) the evolving attributes of the concept analysis helped nurses steer a course through the complexities of practice; (ii) the research highlighted and enabled nurses to confront the paradoxical nature of control; (iii) the process enabled nurses to recognize the mutuality of feelings aroused simultaneously when both the nurse and the child are challenged to maintain personal control.Journal of Advanced Nursing 12/2001; 31(6):1324 - 1332. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2000.01422.x · 1.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The concept of theme is critical to the accurate interpretation of qualitative data. A literature review of qualitative research methodology and nursing research studies reveals considerable diversity in the identification of themes, the interpretation of the concept, and its function in data analysis. Part of the problem is the transfer of research methods from other disciplines to the study of nursing phenomena. The transfer often results in a blending of distinct research methods that compromises methodological rigor in data analysis and theory generation. A definition of theme is developed from the literature review and interdisciplinary definitions and descriptions. Five aspects of a theme and criteria foundational to the definition and concept of theme are identified. Implications of the concept of theme are presented for the conduct and application of research findings to the practice and development of nursing science.Western Journal of Nursing Research 05/2000; 22(3):351-72. DOI:10.1177/019394590002200308 · 1.38 Impact Factor