1H, 15N and 13C resonance assignments for the three LOTUS RNA binding domains of Tudor domain-containing protein TDRD7
ABSTRACT The LOTUS or OST-HTH domain is a recently discovered motif of about 80 amino acids and is found in several germline-specific proteins including the Tudor domain-containing proteins TDRD5 and TDRD7, which are important for germ cell development. The LOTUS domain is an RNA binding domain but its exact function is unknown. Here, we report the 1H, 13C and 15N resonance assignments for the three LOTUS domains present in mouse TDRD7. These assignments will allow three-dimensional structure determination of the LOTUS domains and mapping of their interaction with RNA, steps toward deciphering the function of TDRD7.
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ABSTRACT: The precise transcriptional regulation of gene expression is essential for vertebrate development, but the role of posttranscriptional regulatory mechanisms is less clear. Cytoplasmic RNA granules (RGs) function in the posttranscriptional control of gene expression, but the extent of RG involvement in organogenesis is unknown. We describe two human cases of pediatric cataract with loss-of-function mutations in TDRD7 and demonstrate that Tdrd7 nullizygosity in mouse causes cataracts, as well as glaucoma and an arrest in spermatogenesis. TDRD7 is a Tudor domain RNA binding protein that is expressed in lens fiber cells in distinct TDRD7-RGs that interact with STAU1-ribonucleoproteins (RNPs). TDRD7 coimmunoprecipitates with specific lens messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and is required for the posttranscriptional control of mRNAs that are critical to normal lens development and to RG function. These findings demonstrate a role for RGs in vertebrate organogenesis.Science 03/2011; 331(6024):1571-6. · 31.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tudor domains are protein modules that mediate protein-protein interactions, potentially by binding to methylated ligands. A group of germline specific single and multiTudor domain containing proteins (TDRDs) represented by drosophila Tudor and its mammalian orthologs Tdrd1, Tdrd4/RNF17, and Tdrd6 play evolutionarily conserved roles in germinal granule/nuage formation and germ cell specification and differentiation. However, their physiological ligands, and the biochemical and structural basis for ligand recognition, are largely unclear. Here, by immunoprecipitation of endogenous murine Piwi proteins (Miwi and Mili) and proteomic analysis of complexes related to the piRNA pathway, we show that the TDRD group of Tudor proteins are physiological binding partners of Piwi family proteins. In addition, mass spectrometry indicates that arginine residues in RG repeats at the N-termini of Miwi and Mili are methylated in vivo. Notably, we found that Tdrkh/Tdrd2, a novel single Tudor domain containing protein identified in the Miwi complex, is expressed in the cytoplasm of male germ cells and directly associates with Miwi. Mutagenesis studies mapped the Miwi-Tdrkh interaction to the very N-terminal RG/RA repeats of Miwi and showed that the Tdrkh Tudor domain is critical for binding. Furthermore, we have solved the crystal structure of the Tdrkh Tudor domain, which revealed an aromatic binding pocket and negatively charged binding surface appropriate for accommodating methylated arginine. Our findings identify a methylation-directed protein interaction mechanism in germ cells mediated by germline Tudor domains and methylated Piwi family proteins, and suggest a complex mode of regulating the organization and function of Piwi proteins in piRNA silencing pathways.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 11/2009; 106(48):20336-41. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the male germline in mammals, chromatoid bodies, a specialized assembly of cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein (RNP), are structurally evident during meiosis and haploidgenesis, but their developmental origin and regulation remain elusive. The tudor domain containing proteins constitute a conserved class of chromatoid body components. We show that tudor domain containing 7 (Tdrd7), the deficiency of which causes male sterility and age-related cataract (as well as glaucoma), is essential for haploid spermatid development and defines, in concert with Tdrd6, key biogenesis processes of chromatoid bodies. Single and double knockouts of Tdrd7 and Tdrd6 demonstrated that these spermiogenic tudor genes orchestrate developmental programs for ordered remodeling of chromatoid bodies, including the initial establishment, subsequent RNP fusion with ubiquitous processing bodies/GW bodies and later structural maintenance. Tdrd7 suppresses LINE1 retrotransposons independently of piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA) biogenesis wherein Tdrd1 and Tdrd9 operate, indicating that distinct Tdrd pathways act against retrotransposons in the male germline. Tdrd6, in contrast, does not affect retrotransposons but functions at a later stage of spermiogenesis when chromatoid bodies exhibit aggresome-like properties. Our results delineate that chromatoid bodies assemble as an integrated compartment incorporating both germline and ubiquitous features as spermatogenesis proceeds and that the conserved tudor family genes act as master regulators of this unique RNP remodeling, which is genetically linked to the male germline integrity in mammals.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 06/2011; 108(26):10579-84. · 9.74 Impact Factor