Effect of cilostazol on optimized standard antiplatelet therapy in a patient with a cytochrome P450 2C19 *2/*2 genotype

Department of Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, 2-11-1 Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
Cardiovascular intervention and therapeutics 01/2011; 26(1):79-82. DOI: 10.1007/s12928-010-0036-x
Source: PubMed


A 54-year-old man with acute coronary syndrome underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to implant a bare metal stent. Three weeks later, a subclinical in-stent thrombus was found at staged PCI despite dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel. Platelet function tests revealed high post-treatment platelet reactivity, indicating an inadequate response to clopidogrel. The patient's cytochrome P450 2C19 genotype was *2/*2. Cilostazol at 200 mg/day was initiated in addition. Three months later, platelet inhibition was enhanced, and no thrombus was detectable by coronary angiography. Our experience suggests that triple antiplatelet therapy with cilostazol as well as aspirin and clopidogrel could prevent stent thrombosis with improved clopidogrel responsiveness.

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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Ischemic heart disease and stroke are the two leading causes of death worldwide. Antiplatelet therapy plays the most significant role in the management of these cardiovascular and cerebrovascular occlusive events to prevent recurrent ischemic attack. Clopidogrel, an antiplatelet drug, is widely prescribed either alone or in combination with aspirin as dual antiplatelet therapy for the prevention of vascular occlusive events. The antiplatelet response to clopidogrel varies widely. Hypo-responders and non-responders are likely to have adverse cardiovascular events during follow-up. Some drugs, such as proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole), calcium channel blockers, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (nefazadone), coumarin derivatives (phenprocoumon), benzodiazepines, sulfonylurea, erythromycin, and itraconazole, decrease the antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel when administered concomitantly. Decreased response to clopidogrel is common among Asians due to genetic polymorphisms associated with clopidogrel resistance, and it is nearly 70% in some of the Asian communities. It is necessary to study Asian populations, because there are a large number of Asians throughout the world due to increased migration. Current guidelines do not make genetic testing or platelet response testing mandatory prior to clopidogrel prescription. Therefore, it is important for clinicians treating Asian patients to keep in mind the inter-individual variability in response to clopidogrel when prescribing the drug.
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