Topal B, Fieuws S, Aerts R, et al. Pancreaticojejunostomy versus pancreaticogastrostomy reconstruction after pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic or periampullary tumours: a multicentre randomised trial

University Hospitals KU Leuven, Abdominal Surgery, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: .
The Lancet Oncology (Impact Factor: 24.69). 06/2013; 14(7):655–662. DOI: 10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70126-8


Postoperative pancreatic fistula is the leading cause of death and morbidity after pancreaticoduodenectomy. However, the best reconstruction method to reduce occurrence of fistula is debated. We did a multicentre, randomised superiority trial to compare the outcomes of different reconstructive techniques in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic or periampullary tumours.

Patients aged 18–85 years with confirmed or suspected neoplasms of the pancreas, distal bile duct, ampulla vateri, duodenum, or periampullary tumours were eligible for inclusion. An internet-based platform was used to randomly assign patients to either pancreaticojejunostomy or pancreaticogastrostomy as reconstruction after pancreaticoduodenectomy, using permuted blocks with six patients per block. Within each centre the randomisation was stratified on the pancreatic duct diameter (≤3 mm vs >3 mm) measured at the time of surgery. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of clinical postoperative pancreatic fistula (grade B or C) as defined by the International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula. The study was not masked and analyses were done by intention to treat. Patient follow-up was closed 2 months after discharge from the hospital. This study is registered with, number NCT00830778.

Between June, 2009, and August, 2012, we randomly allocated 167 patients to receive pancreaticojejunostomy and 162 to receive pancreaticogastrostomy. 33 (19·8%) patients in the pancreaticojejunostomy group and 13 (8·0%) in the pancreaticogastrostomy group had clinical postoperative pancreatic fistula (OR 2·86, 95% CI 1·38–6·17; p=0·002). The overall incidence of postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the groups (99 in the pancreaticojejunostomy group vs 100 in the pancreaticogastrostomy group), although more events in the pancreaticojejunostomy group were of grade ≥3a than in the pancreaticogastrostomy group (39 vs 35).

In patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head or periampullary tumours, pancreaticogastrostomy is more efficient than pancreaticojejunostomy in reducing the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula.

Funding Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices, Belgium.

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    • "Pancreatic carcinoma is the fourth most common malignancy and is associated with an extremely poor prognosis, reflected by a median survival of <6 months and a 5-year survival of <5% [1], [2]. Currently, surgical resection provides the only hope of a cure for periampullary and pancreatic carcinoma, whereas high rates of postoperative complications remain significant causes of mortality and markedly prolonged hospitalizations [3]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the long-term survival, mortality, morbidity and the operation-related events in patients with periampullary and pancreatic carcinoma undergoing pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD) and pylorus-resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy (PRPD). A systematic search of literature databases (Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science) was performed to identify studies. Outcome measures comparing PPPD versus PRPD for periampullary and pancreatic carcinoma were long-term survival, mortality, morbidity (overall morbidity, delayed gastric emptying [DGE], pancreatic fistula, wound infection, postoperative bleeding, biliary leakage, ascites and gastroenterostomy leakage) and operation related events (hospital stays, operating time, intraoperative blood loss and red blood cell transfusions). Eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including 622 patients were identified and included in the analysis. Among these patients, it revealed no difference in long-term survival between the PPPD and PRPD groups (HR = 0.23, p = 0.11). There was a lower rate of DGE (RR = 2.35, p = 0.04, 95% CI, 1.06-5.21) with PRPD. Mortality, overall morbidity, pancreatic fistula, wound infection, postoperative bleeding, biliary leakage, ascites and gastroenterostomy leakage were not significantly different between the groups. PPPDs were performed more quickly than PRPDs (WMD = 53.25 minutes, p = 0.01, 95% CI, 12.53-93.97); and there was less estimated intraoperative blood loss (WMD = 365.21 ml, p = 0.006, 95% CI, 102.71-627.71) and fewer red blood cell transfusions (WMD = 0.29 U, p = 0.003, 95% CI, 0.10-0.48) in patients undergoing PPPD. The hospital stays showed no significant difference. PPPD had advantages over PRPD in operating time, intraoperative blood loss and red blood cell transfusions, but had a significantly higher rate of DGE for periampullary and pancreatic carcinoma. PPPD and PRPD had comparable mortality and morbidity including pancreatic fistulas, wound infections, postoperative bleeding, biliary leakage, ascites and gastroenterostomy leakage. Our conclusions were limited by the available data. Further evaluations of high-quality RCTs are needed.
    PLoS ONE 03/2014; 9(3):e90316. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0090316 · 3.23 Impact Factor

  • Nature Reviews Gastroenterology &#38 Hepatology 06/2013; 10(8). DOI:10.1038/nrgastro.2013.114 · 12.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic fistula (PF) is one of the most common complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). We described a new method of pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) developed by combining triple-layer duct-to-mucosa PJ with resection of jejunal serosa, which was named as modified layer-to-layer PJ (MLLPJ). The aim of the present study was to observe whether the new technique would effectively reduce the PF rate in comparison with two-layer duct-to-mucosa PJ (TLPJ). Data on 184 consecutive patients who underwent the two methods of PJ after standard PD between January 1, 2010 and January 31, 2013 were collected retrospectively from a prospective database. The primary endpoint was the PF rate. The risk factors of PF were investigated by using univariate and multivariate analyses. A total of 88 patients received TLPJ and 96 underwent MLLPJ. Rate of PF for the entire cohort was 8.2%. There were 11 fistulas (12.5%) in the TLPJ group and four fistulas (4.2%) in the MLLPJ group (P = 0.039). Body mass index, pancreatic texture, pancreatic duct diameter, and methods of PJ anastomosis had significant effects on the formation of PF on univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis showed that pancreatic duct diameter ≤3 mm and TLPJ were the significant risk factors of PF. MLLPJ effectively reduces the PF rate after PD in comparison with TLPJ. Results confirm increased PF rates in patients with pancreatic duct diameter ≤3 mm compared with pancreatic duct diameter >3 mm.
    Journal of Surgical Research 09/2013; 186(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2013.08.029 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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