Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Haiti: Past, Present, and Future

National Center for Environmental Health, and Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene (Impact Factor: 2.7). 10/2013; 89(4):665-670. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0217
Source: PubMed


Haiti has the lowest rates of access to improved water and sanitation infrastructure in the western hemisphere. This situation was likely exacerbated by the earthquake in 2010 and also contributed to the rapid spread of the cholera epidemic that started later that same year. This report examines the history of the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sector in Haiti, considering some factors that have influenced WASH conditions in the country. We then discuss the situation sine the earthquake and subsequent cholera epidemic, and the responses to those events. Finally, drawing on Haiti's National Plan of Action for the Elimination of Cholera in Haiti 2013-2022, we suggest some actions that could help bring about long-term WASH improvements for the future. Because the current WASH situation has evolved over decades of limited attention and resources, it will take a long-term, sustained effort to improve the situation.

Full-text preview

Available from: PubMed Central