Immunisation anti-érythrocytaire dans les hémoglobinopathies : à propos de 84 cas
UR 99/UR/08-33, faculté de médecine, université de Sfax, Sfax, Tunisie. Electronic address: . Transfusion Clinique et Biologique
(Impact Factor: 0.71).
12/2012; 19(6):345–352. DOI: 10.1016/j.tracli.2012.06.006
AimsTo estimate the rate of red cell immunization in hemoglobinopathies.Patients and methodsProspective study (1990–2009) about 84 patients: 44 homozygous sickle cell anemia, one heterozygous sickle cell anemia S/C, 30 thalassemia and nine sickle cell anemia-thalassemia. The mean age was 10.13 years (extremes: 1–45). The red cell units transfused were ABORH1 compatible, then RH-KELL phenotyped after 2006 and phenocompatible after alloimmunisation. The cross-match was realized using indirect antiglobuline test. Irregular red cell antibody screening was realized before every transfusional episode and the direct antiglobuline test was done when there was a poor transfusional efficiency.ResultsThe number of red blood cells units transfused was 3545 (42.2/patient). The number of red cell antibody screening and the number of direct antiglobulin test were respectively 1474 (17.5/patient) and 272 (3.2/patient). Twenty-seven antibodies were identified (32.1%): 14 alloantibodies (16.6%, 16.6% in sickle cell disease, 16.6% in thalassemia, P = 1), 16 antoantibodies (19.04%, 11.1% in sickle cell disease, 33.3% in thalassemia, P = 0.018). There were three cases of association of allo- and autoantibodies. The most frequent alloantibodies were anti-RH3 and anti-KEL1 and were developed after transfusion of standard red cell units. There was no significant relation, neither between sex and risk of immunization, nor between the number of red cell units transfused and alloimmunization. On the other hand, there was a significant relation between autoimmunization and the number of red cell units transfused in thalassemia (P < 0.001).Conclusion
This study proves the interest of using RH-KELL red cell units compatible in patients with hemoglobinopathies in order to reduce alloimmunisation rates.
Available from: Zohreh Tatari-Calderone
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ABSTRACT: The goal of the present work was to identify the candidate genetic markers predictive of alloimmunization in sickle cell disease (SCD). Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is indicated for acute treatment, prevention, and abrogation of some complications of SCD. A well-known consequence of multiple RBC transfusions is alloimmunization. Given that a subset of SCD patients develop multiple RBC allo-/autoantibodies, while others do not in a similar multiple transfusional setting, we investigated a possible genetic basis for alloimmunization. Biomarker(s) which predicts (predict) susceptibility to alloimmunization could identify patients at risk before the onset of a transfusion program and thus may have important implications for clinical management. In addition, such markers could shed light on the mechanism(s) underlying alloimmunization. We genotyped 27 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CD81, CHRNA10, and ARHG genes in two groups of SCD patients. One group (35) of patients developed alloantibodies, and another (40) had no alloantibodies despite having received multiple transfusions. Two SNPs in the CD81 gene, that encodes molecule involved in the signal modulation of B lymphocytes, show a strong association with alloimmunization. If confirmed in prospective studies with larger cohorts, the two SNPs identified in this retrospective study could serve as predictive biomarkers for alloimmunization.
Clinical and Developmental Immunology 05/2013; 2013:937846. DOI:10.1155/2013/937846 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Red blood cell transfusion is the principal therapy in patients with severe thalassaemias and haemoglobinopathies, which are prevalent in Thailand. Serological red blood cell typing is confounded by chronic transfusion, because of circulating donor red blood cells. We evaluated the concordance of serological phenotypes between a routine and a reference laboratory and with red cell genotyping.
Ten consecutive Thai patients with β-thalassemia major who received regular transfusions were enrolled in Thailand. Phenotypes were tested serologically at Songklanagarind Hospital and at the National Institutes of Health. Red blood cell genotyping was performed with commercially available kits and a platform.
In only three patients was the red cell genotyping concordant with the serological phenotypes for five antithetical antigen pairs in four blood group systems at the two institutions. At the National Institutes of Health, 32 of the 100 serological tests yielded invalid or discrepant results. The positive predictive value of serology did not reach 1 for any blood group system at either of the two institutions in this set of ten patients.
Within this small study, numerous discrepancies were observed between serological phenotypes at the two institutes; red cell genotyping enabled determination of the blood group when serology failed due to transfused red blood cells. We question the utility of serological tests in regularly transfused paediatric patients and propose relying solely on red cell genotyping, which requires training for laboratory personnel and physicians. Red cell genotyping outperformed red cell serology by an order of magnitude in regularly transfused patients.
Blood transfusion = Trasfusione del sangue 10/2013; 12(1):1-8. DOI:10.2450/2013.0058-13 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Evaluate the anti-erythrocyte and anti-HLA immunization rates in hemoglobinopathies.
Cross-sectional study (October 2009-March 2010) on 83 patients followed for hemoglobinopathies. The irregular antibodies research is realized by two techniques: indirect Coombs and enzymatic technique on gel cards. The search for anti-HLA class I antibodies is done by complement dependent lymphocytotoxicity.
The mean age was 30 years (14-64 years), the sex ratio M/F is 0.84. Our series included 42 cases of sickle cell disease (29 homozygous sickle cell anemia and 13 sickle-thalassemia) and 41 cases of thalassemia syndromes (26 major and 15 intermediate). The anti-erythrocyte alloimmunization rate is 10.84% without difference between thalassemia syndromes and sickle cell disease. The autoimmunization rate (22.89%) is higher in thalassemia syndromes (41.46%) than in the sickle cell disease (7.14%) (P<0.001). The anti-HLA immunization rate is 31.6% without difference between thalassemia syndromes and sickle cell disease. The young age, transfusion at a young age and the total number of transfusions are the factors that increase the risk of anti-erythrocyte autoimmunization. No clinicobiological parameter does influence the anti-erythrocyte and anti-HLA alloimmunization. There is no significant association between anti-erythrocyte and anti-HLA immunization.
The erythrocyte and anti-HLA anti-immunization rates are high in our series. Preventive strategy is needed to ensure optimal blood safety.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Transfusion Clinique et Biologique 10/2014; 21(6). DOI:10.1016/j.tracli.2014.10.003 · 0.71 Impact Factor
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