Towards a Better Integration of Global Health and Biodiversity in the New Sustainable Development Goals Beyond Rio+20

Research Center of the University of Montreal Hospital Center (CRCHUM), Montreal, Canada, .
EcoHealth (Impact Factor: 2.45). 09/2012; 9(4). DOI: 10.1007/s10393-012-0800-8


In June 2012, Brazil hosted Rio+20, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) marking the 20th anniversary of the 1992 Earth Summit. The Rio+20 outcome document entitled The future we want provides general guidance to shape sustainable development policies, but fell short of providing legally binding agreements or pragmatic goals. Negotiators agreed to develop a process for the establishment of new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), building upon the Millennium Development Goals, and setting the foundation for the post-2015 UN development agenda. Our objective is to argue that discussions beyond Rio+20 and toward the adoption of SDGs offer a critical opportunity to re-assess the major challenges for global health and sustainable development. There is an urgent need to translate the general aspirations put forth by Rio+20 into concrete health outcomes and greater health equity. The way toward the post-2015 SDGs will likely be more effective if it highlights the full gamut of linkages between ecosystem processes, anthropogenic environmental changes (climate change, biodiversity loss, and land use), socio-economic changes, and global health. Negotiations beyond Rio+20 should strongly acknowledge the global health benefits of biodiversity protection and climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies, which reduce diseases of poverty and protect the health of the most vulnerable. We argue that health and ecosystems are inextricably linked to all development sectors and that health should remain a critical priority for the upcoming SDGs in the context of global environmental change.

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Available from: Anne-Hélène Prieur-Richard, Jan 02, 2014
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    • "This article is published with open access at magnitude of health risks associated with biodiversity loss, ecosystem change, and the urgency required to address them (Jones et al. 2008; Pongsiri et al. 2009; Langlois et al. 2012; Stephens 2012; Myers et al. 2013; Keune et al. 2013). Scientific progress toward understanding these linkages (see Box 1), and the socio-economic drivers by which they are influenced, has given momentum to holistic approaches such as EcoHealth and One Health (Webb et al. 2010; Parkes 2011; Romanelli et al. 2014) and to calls for enhanced collaboration between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (WHO 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: The linkages between human health, biodiversity, ecosystems, and the life-supporting services that they provide are varied and complex. The traditional neglect of this nexus by policy-makers perpetuates threats posed to ecosystems with potentially critical impacts on global health. The Convention on Biological Diversity and the World Health Organization recently co-convened two regional workshops on these intricate but vital linkages. From discussions held with policy-makers and experts in the biodiversity and health sectors, spanning some 50 countries in Africa and the Americas, we derive a broad framework for the development of national and regional public health and biodiversity strategies relevant to strategic planning processes in the emerging post-2015 development context.
    EcoHealth 07/2014; 11(3). DOI:10.1007/s10393-014-0959-2 · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    • "Similar increases in investment are occurring in the Philippines as well, and governments throughout Southeast Asia are creating local or regional partnerships to try to maximize the impact of limited resources. Biodiversity conservation in developing countries is essential for economic growth (Fuentes 2011), food security (Toledo and Burlingame 2006), and sustainable development (Lovejoy 1994, Tisdell 1999, Langlois et al. 2012), all keys to conservation of biodiversity resources. Brazil has enjoyed tremendous economic growth, yet deforestation has dropped to the lowest levels in 20 yrs (Tollefson 2012), indicating that biodiversity regulations combined with education, economic diversification, and scientific development can simultaneously improve biodiversity sustainability and foster economic growth. "
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    ABSTRACT: The world is in the midst of a biodiversity crisis, threatening essential goods and services on which humanity depends. While there is an urgent need globally for biodiversity research, growing obstacles are severely limiting biodiversity research throughout the developing world, particularly in Southeast Asia. Facilities, funding, and expertise are often limited throughout this region, reducing the capacity for local biodiversity research. Although western scientists generally have more expertise and capacity, international research has sometimes been exploitative “parachute science,” creating a culture of suspicion and mistrust. These issues, combined with misplaced fears of biopiracy, have resulted in severe roadblocks to biodiversity research in the very countries that need it the most. Here, we present an overview of challenges to biodiversity research and case studies that provide productive models for advancing biodiversity research in developing countries. Key to success is integration of research and education, a model that fosters sustained collaboration by focusing on the process of conducting biodiversity research as well as research results. This model simultaneously expands biodiversity research capacity while building trust across national borders. It is critical that developing countries enact policies that protect their biodiversity capital without shutting down international and local biodiversity research that is essential to achieve the long-term sustainability of biodiversity, promoting food security and economic development.
    Bulletin of Marine Science -Miami- 12/2013; 90(1). DOI:10.5343/bms.2012.1108 · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The goal of this chapter is to cultivate interest in the societal dynamic of ability expectations and ableism, a dynamic first thematized by the disabled people rights movement but which is also broadly applicable to the study of the relationship between humans, animals, and environments. Another aim of this chapter is to think about disabled people within ecosystem approaches to health through the ableism framework and to show that insights gained from disability studies are applicable to a broader study of health within contexts of environmental degradation. Building from this approach, the reader is invited to consider the utility of the conceptual framework of eco-ability "expectations" and eco-ableism as a way to understand health within coupled socialecological systems. Methodology/approach: This chapter uses an ability expectation and ableism lens and a disability studies and ability studies approach to analyze the relationship between humans, animals, and environments. Findings: Certain ability expectations and ableism are responsible for (a) the invisibility of disabled people in ecological health discourses; (b) the standoff between anthropocentric and biocentric/ecocentric approaches to health; and (c) the application of scientific and technological advancements to address problems arising out of current relationships between humans, animals, and environments. Originality/value of chapter: The reader is introduced to the concepts of ableism and eco-ableism, which have not yet been used in EcoHealth discourses and flags the need for further engagement with disability issues within the field.
    Advances in medical sociology 01/2013; 15:91-107. DOI:10.1108/S1057-6290(2013)0000015008
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