Type 2 Diabetes and the Risk of Colorectal Adenomas: Black Womens Health Study

American journal of epidemiology (Impact Factor: 5.23). 10/2013; 179(1). DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwt227
Source: PubMed


Evidence for the association of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with colorectal neoplasms is contradictory, and African Americans have been underrepresented in the studies published to date. In a nested case-control study (1995-2009), we examined DM and insulin therapy as risk factors for colorectal adenomas in African American women enrolled in the ongoing Black Women's Health Study. From women reporting ever having undergone a gastrointestinal endoscopy, 917 cases of colorectal adenoma were compared with 2,751 controls without a colorectal polyp, matched on age and follow-up time. Cases were verified by medical record review. We used multivariable logistic regression analyses that included DM exposures and selected confounders. There were no overall associations between DM and adenoma risk or between insulin use and adenoma risk. However, DM without insulin use was inversely associated with risk of colon adenomas (odds ratio (OR) = 0.71, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.52, 0.97) but not rectal adenomas. DM was inversely associated with adenoma risk in women older than 55 years (OR = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.44, 0.91) but not in women 55 years or younger (OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 0.81, 1.89). Future research should attempt to replicate the unexpected inverse association of DM with colon adenoma risk among older African American women.

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