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    ABSTRACT: Pectus excavatum is an anterior chest wall deformity that now can be corrected with a minimally invasive technique known as the Nuss procedure. Patient criteria and assessment for this new surgical procedure are defined clearly in advance to ensure the need for surgical intervention. A multidisciplinary team approach has been established at Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, Norfolk, Va. Team members work cooperatively throughout the perioperative cycle, addressing not only the surgical procedure but also pain management and postoperative recovery. This dedicated team approach helps ensure a successful outcome for the patient.
    AORN journal 01/2002; 74(6):828-41; quiz 842-5, 848-50. DOI:10.1016/S0001-2092(06)61501-9
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Pectus excavatum (PE) can be associated with congenital and acquired cardiac disorders that also require surgical repair. The timing and specific surgical technique for repair of PE remains controversial. The present study reports the experience of combined repair of PE and open heart surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Methods: A retrospective case review was conducted of all patients who presented for repair of PE deformity while undergoing concurrent open heart surgery from 1998 through 2011. Results: A total of 9 patients met inclusion criteria. All patients had a connective tissue disorder. Repair of PE was performed by modified Nuss technique after completion of the cardiac procedure, performed through a median sternotomy. Open heart procedures were either aortic root replacement or mitral valvuloplasty. Eight patients had bar removal after an average period of 30.3 months. No PE recurrence, bar displacement, or upper sternal depression was reported in 7 patients. Postoperatively, 1 patient exhibited pectus carinatum after a separate spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis. One patient died of unrelated cardiac complications before bar removal. Conclusions: Simultaneous repair of PE and open heart surgery is safe and effective. We recommend that the decision to perform a single-stage versus a multistage procedure should be reserved until after the cardiac procedure has been completed. In such cases, the Nuss technique allows for correction of the pectus deformity with good long-term cosmetic and functional results.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 01/2013; 95(3). DOI:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.11.007 · 3.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patient reports of preoperative exercise intolerance and improvement after surgical repair of pectus excavatum (Pex) have been documented but not substantiated in laboratory studies. This may be because no study has been large enough to determine if pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in the Pex population are significantly different from the normal population, and none has assessed improvement in pulmonary function after Nuss bar removal. The authors studied PFT results in 408 Pex patients before repair and in a subset of 45 patients after Nuss procedure and bar removal. Significance of differences in percent predicted (using Knudson's equations) was tested using t tests (parametric) or sign tests (nonparametric). Normal was defined as 100% of predicted for forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expired volume in 1 second (FEV1), and forced expiratory flow (FEF25%-75%). Preoperatively, FVC and FEV1 medians were lower than the normal by 13%, whereas the FEF 25-75 median was lower than normal by 20% (all P < .01). The postoperative group had statistically significant improvement after surgery for all parameters. Patients older than 11 years at the time of surgery had lower preoperative values and larger mean post-bar removal improvement than the younger patients. An older patient with a preoperative FEF25-75 score of 80% of normal would be predicted by these data to have a postoperative FEF25-75 of 97%, indicating almost complete normalization for this function. These results demonstrate that preoperatively Pex patients as a group have decreased lung function relative to normal patients. After Nuss procedure and bar removal, we show a small but significant improvement in pulmonary function. These results are consistent with patient reports of clinical improvement and indicate the need for more in-depth tests of cardiopulmonary function under exercise conditions to elucidate the mechanism.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 01/2005; 40(1):174-80. DOI:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2004.09.040 · 1.39 Impact Factor