Dye removal from wastewaters using adsorption process

ISBN: 978-964-8382-58-7‬


Chapter 1 is an introduction of colored wastewater treatment methods. Chapter 2 deals with the adsorption process and its effective parameters. Chapters 3 and 4 are a comprehensive description of adsorbents and enhancement of pollutant removal by adsorbents, respectively. Finally, Chapter 5 investigates the isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption process.

Download full-text


Available from: Niyaz Mohammad Mahmoodi, Oct 06, 2015
633 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The more recent methods for the removal of synthetic dyes from waters and wastewater are complied. The various methods of removal such as adsorption on various sorbents, chemical decomposition by oxidation, photodegradation, and microbiological decoloration, employing activated sludge, pure cultures and microbe consortiums are described. The advantages and disadvantages of the various methods are discussed and their efficacies are compared.
    Environment International 10/2004; 30(7):953-71. DOI:10.1016/j.envint.2004.02.001 · 5.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review evaluates a number of different agricultural waste adsorbents and types of dyes. Certain wastewater containing different dye contaminants causes serious environmental problems. Recently, growing research interest in the production of carbon based has been focused on agricultural by-products. Low cost adsorbents derived from agricultural wastes have demonstrated outstanding capabilities for the removal of dyes from wastewater. Therefore, low cost agricultural waste adsorbents can be viable alternatives to activated carbon for the treatment of contaminated wastewater. The use of cheap and eco-friendly adsorbents have been studied as an alternative substitution of activated carbon for the removal dyes from wastewater. The dye adsorption capacities of agricultural waste adsorbents vary, depending on the characteristics of the individual adsorbent, the extent of surface modification and the initial concentration of adsorbate.
    Journal of hazardous materials 08/2009; 167(1-3):1-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.12.114 · 4.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The delivery of colour in the form of dyes onto textile fibres is not an efficient process. The degree of efficiency varies, depending on the method of delivery. As a result, most of the wastewater produced by the textile industry is coloured. It is likely that coloured wastewater was a feature of the first practices of textile dyeing. However, treatment to remove this colour was not considered until the early natural dyestuffs were replaced by synthetic dyes, and the persistence of such synthetic dyes in the environment was recognised (Willmott NJ. The use of bacteria–polymer composites for the removal of colour from reactive dye effluents. PhD thesis, UK: University of Leeds; 1997.). Colour pollution in aquatic environments is an escalating problem, despite the fact that there has been substantial research into the modification of the dyeing process to improve the level of affinity/fixation of the dyestuffs onto the substrate. The recalcitrant nature of modern synthetic dyes has led to the imposition of strict environmental regulations. The need for a cost-effective process to remove the colour from wastewater produced by the textile industry has been recognised (Willmott NJ, Guthrie JT, Nelson G. The biotechnology approach to colour removal from textile effluent. JSDC 1998;114(February):38–41.). Several strategies have been investigated. However, the review presented here concerns the use of whole bacterial cells for the reduction of water-soluble dyes present in textile dyeing wastewater.
    Dyes and Pigments 09/2003; 58(3-58):179-196. DOI:10.1016/S0143-7208(03)00064-0 · 3.97 Impact Factor
Show more