Kinetic Modeling of Ethanol Production by Scheffersomyces stipitis from Xylose.
ABSTRACT This work focuses on the kinetics of ethanol production by Scheffersomyces stipitis on xylose with the development of a mathematical model considering the effect of substrate and product concentrations on growth rate. Experiments were carried out in batch and continuous modes, with substrate concentration varying from 7.2 to 145 g L(-1). Inhibitory effects on cell growth, substrate uptake, and ethanol production rates were found to be considerable. Kinetic parameters were obtained through linear and non-linear regression methods. Experiments in continuous mode were performed at different dilution rates to evaluate the inhibitory effect of ethanol. A mixed mathematical model which combined Andrews and Levenspiel's models, combining substrate and product inhibition, was used. A quasi-Newton routine was applied to obtain a more accurate fitting of kinetic parameters. The parameters such as cell to product factor (Y P/X) and limiting cell yield (Y X) were shown to be dependent on substrate concentration. The kinetic model fitted satisfactorily the experimental data.
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ABSTRACT: Ethanol production was evaluated from wheat straw (WS) hemicellulose acid hydrolysate using an adapted and parent strain of Pichia stipitis. NRRL Y-7124. The treatment by boiling and overliming with Ca(OH)(2) significantly improved the fermentability of the hydrolysate. Ethanol yield (Yp/s) and productivity (Qp av) were increased 2.4+/-0.10 and 5.7+/-0.24 folds, respectively, compared to neutralized hydrolysate. Adaptation of the yeast to the hydrolysate resulted further improvement in yield and productivity. The maximum yield was 0.41+/-0.01 g(p) g(s)(-1), equivalent to 80.4+/-0.55% theoretical conversion efficiency. Acetic acid, furfurals and lignins present in the hydrolysate were inhibitory to microbial growth and ethanol production. The addition of these inhibitory components individually or in various combinations at a concentrations similar to that found in hydrolysate to simulated medium resulted a reduction in ethanol yield (Yp/s) and productivity (Qp av). The hydrolysate used had the following composition (expressed in g x l(-1)): xylose 12.8+/-0.25; glucose 1.7+/-0.3; arabinose 2.6+/-0.21 and acetic acid 2.7+/-0.33.Journal of Biotechnology 05/2001; 87(1):17-27. · 3.18 Impact Factor