Single-incision results in similar pain and quality of life scores compared with multi-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A blinded prospective randomized trial of 100 patients.
ABSTRACT Our objective was to compare hospital charges and both perioperative and mid-term quality of life between single- (SILC) and multi-incision (MILC) laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized controlled trial.
Patients with acute or chronic biliary disease were invited to participate. Pain scores, quality of life, and perioperative outcomes were measured. Patients were followed for 1 year postoperatively in the clinic with examination to document hernia formation.
One hundred subjects were randomized to SILC (n = 49) or MILC (n = 51). Demographics were similar for both groups except more women underwent SILC (86% vs 67%, P = .026). Operative time was greater for SILC (63.5 ± 21.0 vs 43.8 ± 24.2 minute, P < .0001). Five SILC patients required added ports. One substantial complication occurred in SILC. Pain, the use of analgesics, and duration of hospital stay were equal between groups; however, charges were greater in the SILC group ($17,602 ± $6,089 vs $13,342 ± $8,197, P < .0001). Both groups reported similar quality of life and cosmesis. At an average follow-up of SILC (16.4 ± 12.1 months) and MILC (16.2 ± 10.5 months), no novel umbilical hernias were identified.
SILC results in longer operative time and greater hospital charges with similar pain and quality of life scores compared with a standard laparoscopic approach.
- SourceAvailable from: Wayne J Hawthorne[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Despite the exponential increase in the use of laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy, overall recurrence rates have remained unchanged. Therefore, a growing number of patients are presenting with recurrent hernias after conventional anterior and laparoscopic repairs have failed. This study reports our experience with single-incision laparoscopic (SIL) intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair of these hernias. Patients referred with two or more recurrences of inguinal hernia underwent SIL-IPOM from November 1, 2009, to June 24, 2014. A 2.5-cm infraumbilical incision was made, and an SIL port was placed intraperitoneally. Modified dissection techniques were used: chopstick and inline dissection, 5.5-mm/52-cm/30° angled laparoscope, and conventional straight dissecting instruments. The peritoneum was incised above the pubic symphysis, and dissection was continued laterally and proximally, raising the inferior flap below the previous extraperitoneal mesh while reducing any direct, indirect, femoral, or cord lipoma before placement of antiadhesive mesh, which was fixed to the pubic ramus, as well as superiorly, with nonabsorbable tacks before the inferior border was fixed with fibrin sealant. The inferior peritoneal flap was then tacked back onto the mesh. Nine male patients underwent SIL-IPOM. Their mean age was 53 years and mean body mass index was 26.8 kg/m(2). Mean mesh size was 275 cm(2). Mean operation time was 125 minutes, with a hospital stay of 1 day. The umbilical scar length was 23 mm at the 6-week follow-up. There were no intra-/postoperative complications, port-site hernias, chronic groin pain, or recurrence of the hernia during a mean follow-up of 24 months. Inguinal hernias recurring after two or more failed conventional anterior and laparoscopic repairs can be safely and efficiently treated with SIL-IPOM.01/2015; 19(1). DOI:10.4293/JSLS.2014.00212
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ABSTRACT: Keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery is a novel, gasless, single-incision laparoscopic surgical technique. In this study we aimed to compare the postoperative pain from keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery with carbon dioxide laparoscopy performed for benign ovarian cysts. During a 20-month period, 77 women underwent surgery for a benign ovarian cyst. Keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery and conventional carbon dioxide laparoscopy techniques were used for the operations in 32 women and 45 women, respectively. The 2 operative techniques were compared with regard to demographic characteristics; preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data including early postoperative pain scores; and frequency of shoulder pain and analgesic requirements. Data regarding demographic characteristics, preoperative findings, cyst diameters and rupture rates, intra-abdominal adhesions, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative hospital stay did not differ between groups (P > .05). However, the mean operative and abdominal access times were significantly longer in the keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery group (P < .05). Visual analog scale pain scores at initially and at the second, fourth, and 24th hours of the postoperative period were significantly lower in the keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery group (P < .05). Similarly, keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery caused significantly less shoulder pain and additional analgesic use (P < .05). Keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery seems to cause less pain in the management of benign ovarian cysts in comparison with conventional carbon dioxide laparoscopy.01/2015; 19(1). DOI:10.4293/JSLS.2013.00392
Article: PROMIS for Laparoscopy[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We tested the responsiveness of the National Institutes of Health-sponsored Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures Information System (PROMIS) global health short form and a linear analog self-assessment for laparoscopy. From May 2011 through December 2013, patients undergoing laparoscopy responded to patient reported outcome questionnaires perioperatively. Composite and single item scores were compared. One hundred fifteen patients, mean age 55 years, 58 % female, were enrolled. Visual analog pain scores differed significantly from baseline (mean 1.7 ± 2.3) to postoperative day 1 (mean 4.8 ± 2.6) and 7 (mean 2.5 ± 2.1) (p < 0.0001). PROMIS physical subscale and total physical component subscore differed significantly from baseline (14.4 ± 3.0/47.4 ± 8.3) to postoperative day 1 (12.7 ± 3.2/42.1 ± 8.8) (p = 0.0007/0.0003), due to everyday physical activities (p = 0.0001). Linear analog self-assessment scores differed from baseline for pain frequency (p < 0.0001), pain severity (p < 0.0001), and social activity (p = 0.0052); 40 % of subjects reported worsening in PROMIS physical T-score to postoperative day 1 and 25 % to postoperative day 7. Linear analog self-assessment mental well-being scores were worse in 32 % of patients at postoperative day 7, emotional well-being in 28 %, social activity in 24 %, and fatigue in 20 % of patients. Single items and change from baseline are responsive perioperative quality of life assessments for laparoscopy.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 03/2015; 19(5). DOI:10.1007/s11605-015-2789-0 · 2.39 Impact Factor