Single-incision results in similar pain and quality of life scores compared with multi-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A blinded prospective randomized trial of 100 patients.
ABSTRACT Our objective was to compare hospital charges and both perioperative and mid-term quality of life between single- (SILC) and multi-incision (MILC) laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized controlled trial.
Patients with acute or chronic biliary disease were invited to participate. Pain scores, quality of life, and perioperative outcomes were measured. Patients were followed for 1 year postoperatively in the clinic with examination to document hernia formation.
One hundred subjects were randomized to SILC (n = 49) or MILC (n = 51). Demographics were similar for both groups except more women underwent SILC (86% vs 67%, P = .026). Operative time was greater for SILC (63.5 ± 21.0 vs 43.8 ± 24.2 minute, P < .0001). Five SILC patients required added ports. One substantial complication occurred in SILC. Pain, the use of analgesics, and duration of hospital stay were equal between groups; however, charges were greater in the SILC group ($17,602 ± $6,089 vs $13,342 ± $8,197, P < .0001). Both groups reported similar quality of life and cosmesis. At an average follow-up of SILC (16.4 ± 12.1 months) and MILC (16.2 ± 10.5 months), no novel umbilical hernias were identified.
SILC results in longer operative time and greater hospital charges with similar pain and quality of life scores compared with a standard laparoscopic approach.
SourceAvailable from: Wayne J Hawthorne[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Introduction:Despite an exponential rise in laparoscopic surgery for inguinal herniorrhaphy, overall recurrence rates have remained unchanged. Therefore, an increasing number of patients present with recurrent hernias after having failed anterior and laparoscopic repairs. This study reports our experience with single-incision laparoscopic (SIL) intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair for these hernias.Materials and methods:All patients referred with multiply recurrent inguinal hernias underwent SIL-IPOM from November 1 2009 to October 30 2013. A 2.5-cm infraumbilical incision was made and a SIL surgical port was placed intraperitoneally. Modified dissection techniques, namely, “chopsticks” and “inline” dissection, 5.5 mm/52 cm/30° angled laparoscope and conventional straight dissecting instruments were used. The peritoneum was incised above the symphysis pubis and dissection continued laterally and proximally raising an inferior flap, below a previous extraperitoneal mesh, while reducing any direct/indirect/femoral/cord lipoma before placement of antiadhesive mesh that was fixed into the pubic ramus as well as superiorly with nonabsorbable tacks before fixing its inferior border with fibrin sealant. The inferior peritoneal flap was then tacked back onto the mesh.Results:There were 9 male patients who underwent SIL-IPOM. Mean age was 55 years old and mean body mass index was 26.8 kg/m2. Mean mesh size was 275 cm2. Mean operation time was 125 minutes with hospital stay of 1 day and umbilical scar length of 21 mm at 4 weeks' follow-up. There were no intraoperative/postoperative complications, port-site hernias, chronic groin pain, or recurrence with mean follow-up of 20 months.Conclusions:Multiply recurrent inguinal hernias after failed conventional anterior and laparoscopic repairs can be treated safely and efficiently with SIL-IPOM.JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons 07/2014; 18(3). DOI:10.4293/JSLS.2014.00354 · 0.79 Impact Factor
Article: PROMIS for Laparoscopy[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We tested the responsiveness of the National Institutes of Health-sponsored Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures Information System (PROMIS) global health short form and a linear analog self-assessment for laparoscopy. From May 2011 through December 2013, patients undergoing laparoscopy responded to patient reported outcome questionnaires perioperatively. Composite and single item scores were compared. One hundred fifteen patients, mean age 55 years, 58 % female, were enrolled. Visual analog pain scores differed significantly from baseline (mean 1.7 ± 2.3) to postoperative day 1 (mean 4.8 ± 2.6) and 7 (mean 2.5 ± 2.1) (p < 0.0001). PROMIS physical subscale and total physical component subscore differed significantly from baseline (14.4 ± 3.0/47.4 ± 8.3) to postoperative day 1 (12.7 ± 3.2/42.1 ± 8.8) (p = 0.0007/0.0003), due to everyday physical activities (p = 0.0001). Linear analog self-assessment scores differed from baseline for pain frequency (p < 0.0001), pain severity (p < 0.0001), and social activity (p = 0.0052); 40 % of subjects reported worsening in PROMIS physical T-score to postoperative day 1 and 25 % to postoperative day 7. Linear analog self-assessment mental well-being scores were worse in 32 % of patients at postoperative day 7, emotional well-being in 28 %, social activity in 24 %, and fatigue in 20 % of patients. Single items and change from baseline are responsive perioperative quality of life assessments for laparoscopy.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 03/2015; 19(5). DOI:10.1007/s11605-015-2789-0 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has been developed with the objective to reduce surgical trauma, decrease associated surgical stress and to improve cosmetic outcome. However, concerns have been raised regarding the risk of trocar-site hernia following this approach. Previous meta-analyses have suggested a trend toward higher hernia rates, but have failed to demonstrate a significant difference between single-incision and conventional laparoscopic surgery. Medline, AMED, CINAHL and CENTRAL were searched up to May 2014. Randomized controlled trials comparing single-incision and conventional laparoscopic surgery were considered for inclusion. Studies with patients aged less than 18 years and those reporting on robotic surgery were disregarded. Pooled odds ratios with 95 % confidence intervals were calculated to measure the comparative risk of trocar-site hernia following single-incision and conventional laparoscopic surgery. Nineteen randomized trials encompassing 1705 patients were included. Trocar-site hernia occurred in 2.2 % of patients in the single-incision group and in 0.7 % of patients in the conventional laparoscopic surgery group (odds ratio 2.26, 95 % confidence interval 1.00-5.08, p = 0.05). Sensitivity analysis of quality randomized trials validated the outcome estimates of the primary analysis. There was no heterogeneity among studies (I (2) = 0 %) and no evidence of publication bias. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery involving entry into the peritoneal cavity through the umbilicus is associated with a slightly higher risk of trocar-site hernia than conventional laparoscopy. Its effect on long-term morbidity and quality of life is a matter for further investigation.Hernia 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10029-015-1371-8 · 2.09 Impact Factor