[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Normal-tissue adverse effects following radiotherapy are common and significantly affect quality of life. These effects cannot be accounted for by dosimetric, treatment, or demographic factors alone, and evidence suggests that common genetic variants are associated with radiotherapy adverse effects. The field of radiogenomics has evolved to identify such genetic risk factors. Radiogenomics has two goals: (i) to develop an assay to predict which patients with cancer are most likely to develop radiation injuries resulting from radiotherapy, and (ii) to obtain information about the molecular pathways responsible for radiation-induced normal-tissue toxicities. This review summarizes the history of the field and current research.
Cancer Discovery 01/2014; 4(2). DOI:10.1158/2159-8290.CD-13-0197 · 15.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The ability to predict individual risk of radiation-induced normal tissue complications is a long sought goal in radiobiology. The last decade saw increasing interest in identifying associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and normal tissue complication risk. Nevertheless, it remains controversial whether SNPs will be useful predictors of normal tissue radiosensitivity. This paper provides a summary of a scientific debate held at the 31st ESTRO conference in which four scientists argued in favor or against the motion that SNPs will be useful predictors of normal tissue radiosensitivity in the future.
Radiotherapy and Oncology 12/2012; 105(3):283-8. DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2012.11.003 · 4.86 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: During the last twenty years, mounting studies have supported the hypothesis that there is a genetic component that plays an important role in clinically observed variability in individual tissue/organ toxicity after radiotherapy. We propose the term "Personalized Radiogenomics" for the translational study of individual genetic variations that may associate with or contribute to the responses of tissues to radiation therapy used in the treatment of all types of cancer. The missions of personalized radiogenomic research are 1) to reveal the related genes, proteins, and biological pathways responsible for non-tumor or tumor tissue toxicity resulting from radiotherapy that could be targeted with radio-sensitizing and/or radio-protective agents, and 2) to identify specific genetic markers that can be used in risk prediction and evaluation models before and after clinical cancer surgery. For the members of the Terry Fox Cancer Research Lab in China Medical University and Hospital, the long-term goal is to develop SNP-based risk models that can be used to stratify patients to more precisely tailored radiotherapy protocols. Worldwide, the field has evolved over the last two decades in parallel with rapid advances in genetic and genomic technology, moving step by step from narrowly focused candidate gene studies to large-scale, collaborative genome-wide association studies. This article will summarize the candidate gene association studies published so far from the Terry Fox Cancer Research Lab as well as worldwide on the risk of radiation-related cancers and highlight some wholegenome association studies showing feasibility in fulfilling the dream of personalized radiogenomic cancer therapy.
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