Stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting: Preoperative predictive accuracies of CHADS2 and CHA2DS2VASc stroke risk stratification schemes

Cardiac Surgery Department, General University Hospital of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery (Impact Factor: 4.17). 12/2012; 144(6):1428–1435. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.07.053


Neurologic events after coronary artery bypass grafting are an infrequent but devastating complication. This study analyzed the preoperative predictive abilities of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2VASc stroke scores in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting.

Included in the study were 2910 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting during a 19-year period. CHADS2 and CHA2DS2VASc scores were computed for all patients, and outcomes were evaluated in terms of perioperative stroke and compared with 2 specific models for predicting surgical coronary artery bypass grafting stroke (Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group and Multicenter Study of Perioperative Ischemia Research Group). Perioperative stroke discrimination was quantified by computing the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.

Overall, 62 (2.1%) had perioperative strokes. Areas under the curve were 0.71 (95% confidence interval, 0.64-0.78) for CHADS2, 0.72 (95% confidence interval, 0.65-0.79) for CHA2DS2VASc, 0.69 (95% confidence interval, 0.61-0.76) for Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group, and 0.73 (95% confidence interval, 0.67-0.80) for Multicenter Study of Perioperative Ischemia Research Group scores. Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group and CHA2DS2VASc scores were better at discriminating patients with particularly low or high risk of stroke.

CHADS2 and CHA2DS2VASc scores predicted perioperative coronary artery bypass grafting strokes with discriminatory abilities similar to those of specific predictive surgical coronary artery bypass grafting stroke models. All schemes tested showed similar limitations in discriminating patients with high postoperative stroke risk, with a high proportion being classified as having intermediate stroke risk.

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