Komitmen Terhadap Organisasi Ditinjau Dari Kesejahteraan Psikologis Pekerja

INSAN, Media Psikologi 04/2013; 15(1):54-62.

ABSTRACT Human resource plays an important role in determining the progress and success of the organization. Therefore, the organization should continue to improve and develop the skills and competencies of employees as much as possible. One of important aspect that should be improved is the employees' organizational commitment. Organizational commitment can be realized if employees feel their needs fulfilled by the organization, through improving of psychological well-being. This study was aimed to ditermine the correlation between psychological well-being and employees' organizational commitment. Subjects in this study were 161 of plantation employees in Medan. Data was collected using psychological wellbeing scale and the scale of organizational commitment. Data were statistically analyzed using Pearson product moment and showed that a significance correlation between psychological well-being and employees' organizational commitment. To find out the determinants of employees' organizational commitment, a stepwise regression method was used. The implication of this study is that it does contribute to understanding of the ways by which the management can endeavor to increase employees' organizational commitment based on the needs of the employee and the needs of the organization. Pendahuluan Sumber daya utama dari sebuah organisasi adalah manusia, sehingga kemampuan dan kompetensi karyawan harus menjadi prioritas utama untuk ditingkatkan dan dikembangan semaksimal mungkin (Wingnyowiyoto, 2002). Pentingnya unsur manusia dalam menjalankan roda industri dan organisasi dikarenakan pekerja merupakan sumber penggerak utama baik dalam organisasi publik maupun organisasi swasta. Pekerjalah yang memainkan peranan dalam menentukan kemajuan, kelancaran, keuntungan dan keberhasilan organisasi (Zulkarnain, 2011). Sumber daya manusia (SDM) merupakan faktor penentu yang berperan penting dalam memberikan konstribusi kearah pencapaian tujuan organisasi secara efektif dan efisien (Cholil & Riani, 2003), tetapi pada

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    ABSTRACT: Turnover intentions can be reduced if the employees feel the organization have met their needs, through improving of psychological well-being. Employees' psychological well-being must be fulfilled, to get their best performance. This study aims to find out the relations between psychological well-being (i.e. autonomy, environmental mastery, positive relations with others, purpose in life, self-acceptance and personal growth) and turnover intention of hotel employees. The subjects were 212 hotel employees in Medan, Indonesia. Data were collected using turnover intention scale and psychological well-being scale. The result showed negative correlations between psychological well-being and turnover intentions towards hotel employees. To find out the determinants of turnover intention, a stepwise regression method was used. Based on the stepwise method used, the two predictor variables were found to be of significance in explaining turnover intentions. The two predictor variables were autonomy and positive relations with others. The result of this study will contribute to the guide lines for the policy makers for implementation of better human resource policy and provide evidence in favor of managerial interventions aimed at enhancing employee well-being and, consequently, minimizing the negative effects of an actual turnover in Hotel employee. Implication of this study could help management understand how to reduce the turnover intentions based on the employee and organization needs.
    International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies. 07/2013; 3:2028-9324.


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May 21, 2014