Multicenter Evaluation of a Commercial Cytomegalovirus Quantitative Standard: Effects of Commutability on Interlaboratory Concordance

Departments of Pathology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN.
Journal of clinical microbiology (Impact Factor: 4.23). 09/2013; 51(11). DOI: 10.1128/JCM.02036-13
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Commutability of quantitative reference materials has proven important for reliable and accurate results in clinical chemistry. As international reference standards and commercially produced calibration material have become available to address the variability of viral load assays, the degree to which such materials are commutable and the effect of commutability on assay concordance have been questioned. To investigate this, 60 archived clinical plasma samples, previously tested positive for cytomegalovirus (CMV) were retested by five different laboratories, each using a different quantitative CMV PCR assay. Results from each laboratory were calibrated both with lab-specific quantitative CMV standards (Lab Standards) and with common, commercially available standards (CMV Panel). Pairwise analyses among laboratories were performed using mean results from each clinical sample, calibrated first with Lab Standards and then with the CMV Panel. Commutability of the CMV Panel was determined based on difference plots for each laboratory pair showing plotted values of standards that were within the 95% prediction intervals for the clinical specimens. Commutability was demonstrated for 6 of 10 laboratory pairs using the CMV Panel. In half of these pairs, use of the CMV Panel improved quantitative agreement compared to use of Lab Standards. Two of four laboratory pairs for which the CMV Panel was non-commutable showed reduced quantitative agreement when that panel was used as a common calibrator. Commutability of calibration material varies across different quantitative PCR methods. Use of a common, commutable quantitative standard can improve agreement across different assays; use of a non-commutable calibrator can reduce agreement among laboratories.

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