Minnesota's Provider-Initiated Approach Yields Care Quality Gains At Participating Nursing Homes.
ABSTRACT Minnesota's Performance-Based Incentive Payment Program uses a collaborative, provider-initiated approach to nursing home quality improvement: up-front funding of evidence-based projects selected and designed by participating facilities, with accountable performance targets. During the first 4 rounds of funding (2007-10), 66 projects were launched at 174 facilities. Using a composite quality measure representing multiple dimensions of clinical care, we found that facilities participating during this period exhibited significantly greater gains than did nonparticipating facilities, in both targeted areas and overall quality, and maintained their quality advantage after project completion. Participating and nonparticipating facilities were similar at baseline with respect to quality scores and improvement trends, as well as acuity-adjusted payment, operating costs, and nurse staffing. Although self-selection precludes firm conclusions regarding the program's impacts, early findings indicate that the program shows promise for incentivizing nursing home quality improvement, both in facility-identified areas of concern and overall.
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ABSTRACT: Close to two-thirds of all US nursing home residents have some type of cognitive impairment such as Alzheimer's disease, and the quality of care and quality of life of these people has long been called into question. In this overview we first clarify the ongoing importance of nursing home care for people with Alzheimer's, even as policy makers "rebalance" long-term supports and services with home and community-based programs. We next identify the components of optimal care for people with Alzheimer's in nursing homes, and we highlight care innovations already in use. Finally, we summarize policy-relevant challenges to implementing best practices and innovations and explore potential policy solutions. Federal and state policy makers have a critical role to play in ensuring that nursing home residents with Alzheimer's disease have access to the appropriate, high-quality care that they and their families expect.Health Affairs 04/2014; 33(4):650-7. · 4.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we explored the relationship between changes in resident health outcomes, practitioner communication patterns, and practitioner perceptions of group effectiveness within a quality-improvement collaborative of nursing home clinicians. Survey and interview data were collected from nursing home clinicians participating in a quality-improvement collaborative. Quality-improvement outcomes were evaluated using US Federal and State minimum dataset measures. Models were specified evaluating the relationships between resident outcomes, staff perceptions of communication patterns, and staff perceptions of collaborative effectiveness. Interview data provided deeper understanding of the quantitative findings. Reductions in fall rates were highest in facilities where respondents experienced the highest levels of communication with collaborative members outside of scheduled meetings, and where respondents perceived that the collaborative kept them informed and provided new ideas. Clinicians observed that participation in a quality-improvement collaborative positively influenced the ability to share innovative ideas and expand the quality-improvement program within their nursing home. For practitioners, a high level of communication, both inside and outside of meetings, was key to making measurable gains in resident health outcomes.Nursing and Health Sciences 11/2013; · 0.85 Impact Factor