The Regulation of SOX7 and Its Tumor Suppressive Role in Breast Cancer.
ABSTRACT Both epigenetic silencing and genetic deletion of tumor suppressors contribute to the development and progression of breast cancer. SOX7 is a transcription factor important to development, and its down-regulation has been reported in tumor tissues and cell lines of prostate, colon, and lung cancers. However, the regulation of SOX7 expression and its functional role in breast cancer have not been reported. The current study demonstrates that SOX7 mRNA and protein expression are down-regulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines compared with adjacent normal tissues and nontumorigenic cells, respectively. The SOX7 promoter is hypermethylated in breast cancer cell lines compared with nontumorigenic cells, and the inhibition of DNA methylation increases SOX7 mRNA levels. With shRNA-mediated SOX7 silencing, nontumorigenic immortal breast cells display increased proliferation, migration, and invasion and form structures that resemble that of breast cancer cells in a three-dimensional culture system. Conversely, ectopic SOX7 expression inhibits proliferation, migration, and invasion of breast cancer cells in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Importantly, we discovered that SOX7 transcript levels positively correlated with clinical outcome of 674 breast cancer patients. Overall, data suggest that SOX7 acts as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. SOX7 expression is likely regulated by multiple mechanisms and potentially serves as a prognostic marker for breast cancer patients.
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ABSTRACT: Products of the SOX gene family play important roles in the life process. One of the members, SOX7, is associated with the development of a variety of cancers as a tumor suppression factor, but its relevance with ovarian cancer was unclear. In this study, we investigated the involvement of SOX7 in the progression and prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and the involved mechanisms.Journal of Ovarian Research 09/2014; 7(1):87. DOI:10.1186/s13048-014-0087-1 · 2.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as important regulators that potentially play critical roles in cancer cell biological processes. Previous studies have shown that miR-492 plays an important role in cell tumorigenesis in multiple kinds of human cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanisms of this microRNA in breast cancer remain largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated miR-492's role in cell proliferation of breast cancer. MiR-492 expression was markedly upregulated in breast cancer tissues and breast cancer cells. Overexpression of miR-492 promoted the proliferation and anchorage-independent growth of breast cancer cells. Bioinformatics analysis further revealed sex-determining region Y-box 7 (SOX7), a putative tumor suppressor, as a potential target of miR-492. Data from luciferase reporter assays showed that miR-492 directly binds to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of SOX7 messenger RNA (mRNA) and repressed expression at both transcriptional and translational levels. Ectopic expression of miR-492 led to downregulation of SOX7 protein, which resulted in the upregulation of cyclin D1 and c-Myc. In functional assays, SOX7 silenced in miR-492-in-transfected ZR-75-30 cells has positive effect to promote cell proliferation, suggesting that direct SOX7 downregulation is required for miR-492-induced cell proliferation and cell cycle of breast cancer. In sum, these results suggest that miR-492 represents a potential onco-miR and participates in breast cancer carcinogenesis by suppressing SOX7 expression.Tumor Biology 11/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2794-z · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: SOX genes are transcription factors with important roles in embryonic development and carcinogenesis. The SOX family of 20 genes is responsible for regulating lineage and tissue specific gene expression patterns, controlling numerous developmental processes including cell differentiation, sex determination, and organogenesis. As is the case with many genes involved in regulating development, SOX genes are frequently deregulated in cancer. In this perspective we provide a brief overview of how SOX proteins can promote or suppress cancer growth. We also present a pan-cancer analysis of aberrant SOX gene expression and highlight potential molecular mechanisms responsible for their disruption in cancer. Our analyses indicate the prominence of SOX deregulation in different cancer types and reveal potential roles for SOX genes not previously described in cancer. Finally, we summarize our recent identification of SOX15 as a candidate tumor suppressor in pancreatic cancer and propose several research avenues to pursue to further delineate the emerging role of SOX15 in development and carcinogenesis.