Suicidal behavior in Indian adolescents
International journal of adolescent medicine and health 09/2013; 25(3):207-12. DOI: 10.1515/ijamh-2013-0054
Abstract Suicide is both a public and mental health problem, and is a leading cause of deaths, especially among adolescents. Two factors that contribute to the decision of adolescents to commit suicide are having a primary mood disorder and/or substance use. In the Indian culture, the family unit has both a positive and negative impact on suicide. The family serves as a protective factor that provides a strong support for the individual, but alternately creates an inseparable individual when seeking mental health care, which often complicates the situation. Due to the stigma, Indians typically perceive having a mental illness as shameful. Religion is integral to the Indian culture so much so that individuals often use herbal remedies, seek help from religious leaders, and attend religious establishments prior to obtaining a mental health evaluation in those that are subsequently deemed as mentally ill. Despite the fact that suicides are underreported and misdiagnosed in India, it is known that the highest rates are among those <30 years old. The methods most commonly used to commit suicide in India include the ingestion of poison (often pesticides), hanging, burning, and drowning. When immigrating, Indians tend to switch the methods they use to commit suicide from ingestion of poison to hanging, which may reflect a lack of available poisonous substances or the influence of the host culture. Considering the high suicide rates in adolescents, the importance of providing psychoeducation, restricting access to lethal means, and promoting social integration in immigrants are various ways by which suicides in Indian adolescents can be avoided.
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ABSTRACT: Suicide represents the dramatic end of human life mostly in young age. In a 5-year retrospective study in Jeddah in the western Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 200 successful suicidal attempts demonstrated that hanging was the most common method of suicide with 72% of the cases, and males represented 77% of the total loses. Most fatalities were of the age range from 20s to 40s. Saudi cases constituted 18.5% of the death cases representing the second most common nationality of successful suicidal attempt in Jeddah after Indians who represented 23% of the entire study. Saudi fatalities were induced by hanging in 56% of the all Saudi deaths in contrast to about 83% in the Indian fatalities.American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology 12/2014; 36(1). DOI:10.1097/PAF.0000000000000132 · 0.70 Impact Factor
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